Self-Efficacy in Habit Building: How General and Habit-Specific Self-Efficacy Influence Behavioral Automatization and Motivational Interference

Stojanovic M, Fries S, Grund A (2021)
Frontiers in Psychology 12: 643753.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
In this article, we investigate the role of self-efficacy (SE) in intentional habit building. We analyzed event sampling data from a habit building app we created that helps define and track habit data. We used hierarchical growth curve modeling and multilevel mediation to test our hypotheses. In a first study,N= 91 university students built new study habits over a period of 6 weeks in a controlled study. We found that the trait-like (Level 2) general self-efficacy predicted automaticity (i.e., habit strength) but not the experience of motivational interference (MI). In a second study with real user data,N= 265 idiographic habits have been analyzed. The specific SE associated with these habits – habit-specific self-efficacy (Level 1, HSE) – was measured during habit formation. We found that lagged HSE predicted automaticity and that lagged automaticity predicted HSE, indicating a positive feedback mechanism in habit building. Furthermore, we found that lagged HSE predicted less MI during habit performance. A multilevel mediation analysis showed significant effects of lagged HSE (Level 1) and aggregated HSE (Level 2) on MI, which were both partially mediated by automaticity. These results show the importance of defining the specificity of SE beliefs and how they interact with automaticity in the habit building process.
Stichworte
habit formation; specific self-efficacy; general self-efficacy; motivational interference; self-regulation; automaticity; app intervention
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
Frontiers in Psychology
Band
12
Art.-Nr.
643753
eISSN
1664-1078
Finanzierungs-Informationen
Open-Access-Publikationskosten wurden durch die Universität Bielefeld gefördert.
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2954869

Zitieren

Stojanovic M, Fries S, Grund A. Self-Efficacy in Habit Building: How General and Habit-Specific Self-Efficacy Influence Behavioral Automatization and Motivational Interference. Frontiers in Psychology. 2021;12: 643753.
Stojanovic, M., Fries, S., & Grund, A. (2021). Self-Efficacy in Habit Building: How General and Habit-Specific Self-Efficacy Influence Behavioral Automatization and Motivational Interference. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 643753. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.643753
Stojanovic, M., Fries, S., and Grund, A. (2021). Self-Efficacy in Habit Building: How General and Habit-Specific Self-Efficacy Influence Behavioral Automatization and Motivational Interference. Frontiers in Psychology 12:643753.
Stojanovic, M., Fries, S., & Grund, A., 2021. Self-Efficacy in Habit Building: How General and Habit-Specific Self-Efficacy Influence Behavioral Automatization and Motivational Interference. Frontiers in Psychology, 12: 643753.
M. Stojanovic, S. Fries, and A. Grund, “Self-Efficacy in Habit Building: How General and Habit-Specific Self-Efficacy Influence Behavioral Automatization and Motivational Interference”, Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 12, 2021, : 643753.
Stojanovic, M., Fries, S., Grund, A.: Self-Efficacy in Habit Building: How General and Habit-Specific Self-Efficacy Influence Behavioral Automatization and Motivational Interference. Frontiers in Psychology. 12, : 643753 (2021).
Stojanovic, Marco, Fries, Stefan, and Grund, Axel. “Self-Efficacy in Habit Building: How General and Habit-Specific Self-Efficacy Influence Behavioral Automatization and Motivational Interference”. Frontiers in Psychology 12 (2021): 643753.
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2021-05-18T12:32:50Z
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