App-Based Habit Building Reduces Motivational Impairments During Studying – An Event Sampling Study

Stojanovic M, Grund A, Fries S (2020)
Frontiers in Psychology 11: 167: 167.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
In this app-based event sampling study, we observed the intentional formation of new study habits. A sample of 91 university students defined individual study habits and logged data over 6 weeks on motivational conflict, motivational interference (MI) and automaticity of behavior after each habit repetition using an app on their phone. The app was specifically created for this study and gave feedback on habit automaticity. A total of N = 2,574 habit repetitions have been generated and were analyzed using multilevel modeling. The results suggest that (1) app-based intentional habit building works, as automaticity of behavior could be predicted by habit repetition, (2) motivational impairments during studying can be reduced by building habits, as want conflicts and MI decreased with automaticity, and (3) trait self-control supports studying indirectly by fostering habit building rather than directly by suppressing impulses during the activity, as self-control predicted automaticity, but not motivational impairments during the habit execution. The effect of self-control on automaticity of the new study habit was fully mediated by the general automaticity of the students’ other study habits (general study habit strength). This study showcases an app-guided genesis of new study habits and its beneficial motivational effects for learning behavior.
Erscheinungsjahr
2020
Zeitschriftentitel
Frontiers in Psychology
Band
11
Art.-Nr.
167
Seite(n)
167
ISSN
1664-1078
eISSN
1664-1078
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2941324

Zitieren

Stojanovic M, Grund A, Fries S. App-Based Habit Building Reduces Motivational Impairments During Studying – An Event Sampling Study. Frontiers in Psychology. 2020;11:167: 167.
Stojanovic, M., Grund, A., & Fries, S. (2020). App-Based Habit Building Reduces Motivational Impairments During Studying – An Event Sampling Study. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 167., 167. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00167
Stojanovic, M., Grund, A., and Fries, S. (2020). App-Based Habit Building Reduces Motivational Impairments During Studying – An Event Sampling Study. Frontiers in Psychology 11, 167:167.
Stojanovic, M., Grund, A., & Fries, S., 2020. App-Based Habit Building Reduces Motivational Impairments During Studying – An Event Sampling Study. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, p 167: 167.
M. Stojanovic, A. Grund, and S. Fries, “App-Based Habit Building Reduces Motivational Impairments During Studying – An Event Sampling Study”, Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 11, 2020, pp. 167, : 167.
Stojanovic, M., Grund, A., Fries, S.: App-Based Habit Building Reduces Motivational Impairments During Studying – An Event Sampling Study. Frontiers in Psychology. 11, 167 : 167 (2020).
Stojanovic, Marco, Grund, Axel, and Fries, Stefan. “App-Based Habit Building Reduces Motivational Impairments During Studying – An Event Sampling Study”. Frontiers in Psychology 11 (2020): 167: 167.
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2020-02-18T14:06:18Z
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