Aiming at a Moving Target: Theoretical and Methodological Considerations in the Study of Intraindividual Goal Conflict between Personal Goals

Gorges J, Grund A (2017)
Frontiers in Psychology 8: 2011.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
OA 1.11 MB
Abstract / Bemerkung
Multiple-goal pursuit and conflict between personal life-defining goals can be considered part of everyday business in most individuals' lives. Given the potentially detrimental effects of goal conflict—for example, impaired well-being or poor performance—the literature on goal conflict is surprisingly scattered due to heterogeneous methodological approaches and technical terms. Little empirical research has addressed the conceptualization of goal conflict against the background of differing understandings from a structure-like and a process-like perspective. In the present article, we outline theoretical foundations of goal conflict from two perspectives: a structure- and a process-like perspective. Based on a comparative analysis and integration of these two perspectives, we systematically review empirical studies on goal conflict over 30 years of research. In doing so, we identify and discuss important conceptual dimensions of goal conflict, namely, goal conflict as a cognitive construct and an experiential instance, a focus on goal interrelations or on specific goal properties, and resource vs. inherent conflict, and the potential of these distinctions to further research on goal conflict. Finally, we present major challenges and pose questions that need to be addressed by future research.
Frontiers in Psychology
Open-Access-Publikationskosten wurden durch die Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft und die Universität Bielefeld gefördert.
Page URI


Gorges J, Grund A. Aiming at a Moving Target: Theoretical and Methodological Considerations in the Study of Intraindividual Goal Conflict between Personal Goals. Frontiers in Psychology. 2017;8: 2011.
Gorges, J., & Grund, A. (2017). Aiming at a Moving Target: Theoretical and Methodological Considerations in the Study of Intraindividual Goal Conflict between Personal Goals. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 2011. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02011
Gorges, J., and Grund, A. (2017). Aiming at a Moving Target: Theoretical and Methodological Considerations in the Study of Intraindividual Goal Conflict between Personal Goals. Frontiers in Psychology 8:2011.
Gorges, J., & Grund, A., 2017. Aiming at a Moving Target: Theoretical and Methodological Considerations in the Study of Intraindividual Goal Conflict between Personal Goals. Frontiers in Psychology, 8: 2011.
J. Gorges and A. Grund, “Aiming at a Moving Target: Theoretical and Methodological Considerations in the Study of Intraindividual Goal Conflict between Personal Goals”, Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 8, 2017, : 2011.
Gorges, J., Grund, A.: Aiming at a Moving Target: Theoretical and Methodological Considerations in the Study of Intraindividual Goal Conflict between Personal Goals. Frontiers in Psychology. 8, : 2011 (2017).
Gorges, Julia, and Grund, Axel. “Aiming at a Moving Target: Theoretical and Methodological Considerations in the Study of Intraindividual Goal Conflict between Personal Goals”. Frontiers in Psychology 8 (2017): 2011.
Alle Dateien verfügbar unter der/den folgenden Lizenz(en):
Access Level
OA Open Access
Zuletzt Hochgeladen
MD5 Prüfsumme

Link(s) zu Volltext(en)
Access Level
OA Open Access

94 References

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Atkinson J., Birch D.., 1970
Goal constructs in psychology: structure, process, and content
Austin J., Vancouver J.., 1996
Affective and behavioral traces of goal conflict with physical activity
Bailis D., Thacher T., Aird N., Lipschitz L.., 2011
Making the link between work-life balance practices and organizational performance
Beauregard T., Henry L.., 2009
When passion makes the heart grow colder: the role of passion in alternative goal suppression.
Belanger JJ, Lafreniere MA, Vallerand RJ, Kruglanski AW., J Pers Soc Psychol 104(1), 2012
PMID: 22905768
Investigating goal conflict as a source of mixed emotions.
Berrios R, Totterdell P, Kellett S., Cogn Emot 29(4), 2014
PMID: 25040183

Boekaerts M., Pintrich P., Zeidner M.., 2000
Goal conflict, goal striving, and psychological well-being
Boudreaux M., Ozer D.., 2013
Action crisis and cost-benefit thinking: a cognitive analysis of a goal-disengagement phase
Brandstätter V., Schüler J.., 2013
Worry, perseverative thinking, and health,
Brosschot J., Thayer J.., 2004
Personal goals and subjective well-being: a longitudinal study
Brunstein J.., 1993
Conflict and preoccupation in the intimacy life task
Cantor N., Acker M., Cook-Flannagan C.., 1992
Life tasks, self-concept ideals, and cognitive strategies in a life transition
Cantor N., Norem J., Niedenthal P., Langston C., Brower A.., 1986

Carver C., Scheier M.., 1998
Self-regulation of action and affect,
Carver C., Scheier M.., 2000
Goals, attention, and (un)consciousness.
Dijksterhuis A, Aarts H., Annu Rev Psychol 61(), 2010
PMID: 19566422
Work and family research in IO/OB: content analysis and review of the literature (1980–2002)
Eby L., Casper W., Lockwood A., Bordeaux C., Brinley A.., 2005
The need for competence,
Elliot A., McGregor H., Thrash T.., 2002
Personal strivings: an approach to personality and subjective well-being
Emmons R.., 1986
Goal conflict and the self-regulation of action,
Emmons R., King L., Sheldon K.., 1993
Pressed for time? Goal conflict shapes how time is perceived, spent, and valued
Etkin J., Evangelidis I., Aaker J.., 2015
The goal construct in social psychology,
Fishbach A., Ferguson M.., 2007
Counteractive evaluation: asymmetric shifts in the implicit value of conflicting motivations
Fishbach A., Zhang Y., Trope Y.., 2010
Action-construal levels and perceived conflict among ongoing goals: implications for positive affect
Freitas A., Clark S., Kim J., Levy S.., 2009
Motivational interference in learning: the impact of leisure alternatives on subsequent self-regulation
Fries S., Dietz F., Schmid S.., 2008
Conflicting values and their impact on learning
Fries S., Schmid S., Dietz F., Hofer M.., 2005
On the relationship between value orientation, valences, and academic achievement
Fries S., Schmid S., Hofer M.., 2007
Competing personal goals and exercise behaviour.
Gebhardt WA, Maes S., Percept Mot Skills 86(3 Pt 1), 1998
PMID: 9656267
The experience of regret: what, when, and why.
Gilovich T, Medvec VH., Psychol Rev 102(2), 1995
PMID: 7740094
Action phases and mind-sets,
Gollwitzer P.., 1990
Implementation intentions: strong effects of simple plans
Gollwitzer P.., 1999
Linking goal self-concordance and affective reactions to goal conflict
Gorges J., Esdar W., Wild E.., 2014
Goal conflict and psychological well-being: a meta-analysis
Gray J., Ozer D., Rosenthal R.., 2017
Motivational profiles in study-leisure conflicts: both quality and quantity matters
Grund A.., 2013
Torn between study and leisure: how motivational conflicts relate to students' academic and social adaptation
Grund A., Brassler N., Fries S.., 2014
The long arm of work: a motivational conflict perspective on teacher strain
Grund A., Brassler N., Fries S.., 2016
Studying against your will: motivational interference in action
Grund A., Schmid S., Fries S.., 2015
Goal conflict, distress, and pain in women with fibromyalgia: a daily diary study.
Hardy JK, Crofford LJ, Segerstrom SC., J Psychosom Res 70(6), 2010
PMID: 21624576

Heckhausen H.., 1991
Antinomien des Lehrerhandelns in modernisierten pädagogischen Kulturen. Paradoxe Verwendungsweisen von Autonomie und Selbstverantwortlichkeit [Antinomies of teaching in modernized pedagogical cultures. Paradox manner of using autonomy and self-responsibility],
Helsper W.., 1996
Goal conflicts and self-regulation: a new look at pupils' off-task behavior in the classroom
Hofer M.., 2007
Everyday temptations: an experience sampling study of desire, conflict, and self-control.
Hofmann W, Baumeister RF, Forster G, Vohs KD., J Pers Soc Psychol 102(6), 2011
PMID: 22149456
A meta-analysis and conceptual critique of research on role ambiguity and role conflict in work settings
Jackson S., Schuler R.., 1985
Goal conflicts, attainment of new goals, and well-being among managers.
Kehr HM., J Occup Health Psychol 8(3), 2003
PMID: 12872957
Goal conflict and ambivalence interact to predict depression
Kelly R., Mansell W., Wood A.., 2011
Non-conscious goal conflicts
Kleiman T., Hassin R.., 2011
Handlungsziele [Action goals],
Kleinbeck U.., 2009
Current concerns and disengagement from incentives,
Klinger E.., 1987
The multifinality constraints effect: how goal multiplicity narrows the means set to a focal end.
Kopetz C, Faber T, Fishbach A, Kruglanski AW., J Pers Soc Psychol 100(5), 2011
PMID: 21381854
A theory of goal systems,
Kruglanski A., Shah J., Fishbach A., Friedman R., Chun W., Sleeth-Keppler D.., 2002
The relationship of value orientations, self-control, frequency of school leisure conflicts, and life-balance in adolescence
Kuhnle C., Hofer M., Kilian B.., 2010
Decision mode as an antecedent of flow, motivational interference, and regret
Kuhnle C., Sinclair M.., 2011
An empirical analysis of a goal setting questionnaire
Lee C., Bobko P., Earley P., Locke E.., 1991
Personal projects: a rationale and method for investigation
Little B.., 1983
The effects of intra-individual goal conflict on performance
Locke E., Smith K., Erez M., Chah D., Schaffer A.., 1994
Loosening the belt: on the effects of goal-conflict situations on regular savings
Loibl C., International journal of consumer studies. 33(4), 2009
PMID: IND44220489
Self-regulation at work.
Lord RG, Diefendorff JM, Schmidt AM, Hall RJ., Annu Rev Psychol 61(), 2010
PMID: 19534590
Possible selves
Markus H., Nurius P.., 1986
Goal conflicts: concepts, findings, and consequences for psychotherapy,
Michalak J., Heidenreich T., Hoyer J.., 2004
Effects of everyday romantic goal pursuit on women's attitudes toward math and science.
Park LE, Young AF, Troisi JD, Pinkus RT., Pers Soc Psychol Bull 37(9), 2011
PMID: 21617021
Psychiatric symptoms and conflict among personal plans.
Perring C, Oatley K, Smith J., Br J Med Psychol 61 ( Pt 2)(), 1988
PMID: 3401425
Goal conflict and goal facilitation in community-based cardiac rehabilitation: a theory-based interview study.
Presseau J, Boyd E, Francis JJ, Sniehotta FF., Psychol Health Med 20(2), 2014
PMID: 24800997
The relationship between school-leisure conflict and educational and mental health indexes: a motivational analysis
Ratelle C., Senecal C., Vallerand R., Provencher P.., 2005
Interference and facilitation among personal goals: age-group differences and associations with well-being and behavior,
Riediger M.., 2007
Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivations: Classic Definitions and New Directions.
Ryan RM, Deci EL., Contemp Educ Psychol 25(1), 2000
PMID: 10620381
Universals in the content and structure of values: theory and empirical test in 20 countries,
Schwartz S.., 1992
Optimism, goal conflict, and stressor-related immune change.
Segerstrom SC., J Behav Med 24(5), 2001
PMID: 11702359
When Goals Conflict But People Prosper: The Case of Dispositional Optimism.
Segerstrom SC, Nes LS., J Res Pers 40(5), 2006
PMID: 17016545
Role conflict and academic procrastination: a self-determination perspective
Senécal C., Julien E., Guay F.., 2003
Antecedents and outcomes of work-family conflict: toward a motivational model
Senécal C., Vallerand R., Guay F.., 2001
Forgetting all else: on the antecedents and consequences of goal shielding.
Shah JY, Friedman R, Kruglanski AW., J Pers Soc Psychol 83(6), 2002
PMID: 12500810
Creativity and goal conflict
Sheldon K.., 1995
Not am personal goals are personal: comparing autonomous and controlled reasons for goals as predictors of effort and attainment
Sheldon K., Elliot A.., 1998
Coherence and congruence: two aspects of personality integration.
Sheldon KM, Kasser T., J Pers Soc Psychol 68(3), 1995
PMID: 7714728
The effect of goal conflict on performance
Slocum J., Cron W., Brown S.., 2002
Intrapersonal conflict in goals and values of patients with unipolar depression.
Stangier U, Ukrow U, Schermelleh-Engel K, Grabe M, Lauterbach W., Psychother Psychosom 76(3), 2007
PMID: 17426415
Towards a high-performance workplace: managing corporate climate and conflict
Suliman A., Abdulla M.., 2005
Multiple goals: a review and derivation of general principles
Unsworth K., Yeo G., Beck J.., 2014

Goal conflict and facilitation as predictors of work-family satisfaction and engagement
Wiese B., Salmela-Aro K.., 2008
Expectancy-Value Theory of Achievement Motivation.
Wigfield A, Eccles JS., Contemp Educ Psychol 25(1), 2000
PMID: 10620382
Behavioral effects of self-set goals for different time ranges
Zaleski Z.., 1987
Investigating self-regulation and motivation: historical background, methodological developments, and future prospects
Zimmerman B.., 2008
Material in PUB:
Publikation, die diesen PUB Eintrag enthält
Motivation and self-regulation
Grund A (2019)
Bielefeld: Universität Bielefeld.


Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

Dieser Datensatz im Web of Science®


PMID: 29201013
PubMed | Europe PMC

Suchen in

Google Scholar