Discrimination of German tense and lax vowels in German monolingual and German-Turkish an German-Russian bilingual children

Walkenhorst A (2017)
In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Monolingual and Bilingual Speech 2017. Babatsouli E, Institute of Monolingual and Bilingual Speech (Eds); Chania, Griechenland.

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Herausgeber*in
Babatsouli, Elena
herausgebende Körperschaft
Institute of Monolingual and Bilingual Speech
Abstract / Bemerkung
In German orthography ambisyllabic consonants are marked by doubling the consonant grapheme ( vs. ). It is claimed that children with L2 German, compared to children with L1 German, have more problems acquiring this orthographic marker [1]. It is assumed – but has not yet been experimentally tested – that this is caused by lower perceptive discrimination skills due to phonetic/phonological interferences from the L1 [1, 2]. In the present study, an AX perception task was employed to test perceptive discrimination abilities of all vowel tenseness contrasts except /ɛ: - ɛ/. The participants were monolingual German (G n=22), bilingual German-Turkish (GT, n=37), and German-Russian children (GR, n=16). The vowel spaces of Turkish and Russian have less phonemes in comparison to German; tenseness is not a distinctive feature in these languages. A generalized linear mixed model (GLMM) was fit to the binomial data, with LANGUAGE as fixed factor and participants as random factor. It was revealed that the bilingual children as a group did not discriminate the items less accurately than the monolingual children (G vs. GT: z=.53, p=.60, G vs. GR: z=.48, p=.37). More detailed inspection into the different vowel categories revealed that the groups showed different results for the /i:-ɪ/ contrast: GT bilinguals discriminated the pair less accurately than the German monolinguals (G vs. GT: z=-2.14, p=.03), while the Russian bilinguals did not differ significantly from the German monolingual group (G vs. GR: z=-1.50, p=.13). This could be explained by possible L1 interference in auditory perception. The ability to mark vowel tenseness in writing was further investigated by means of a longitudinal study with a subgroup of the earlier participants (n=12). The results show that some children with high perceptive accuracy rates, among them mono- and bilingual children, mark lax vowels with the vowel grapheme of their tense phonetic neighbour. Thus they focus on phonetic detail instead of the abstract phonological structure of the syllable. Thus, high auditory perceptive skills might be linked to difficulties in acquiring the German orthographic markers of the vowel contrasts. [1] Becker, T. 2011. Schriftspracherwerb in der Zweitsprache. Eine qualitative Längs¬schnitt-studie. Baltmannsweiler: Schneider-Verlag Hohengehren [Acquisition of writing in the second language. A qualitative longitudinal study]. [2] Bredel, U. 2013. Silben und Füße im Deutschen und Türkischen – Orthographieerwerb des Deutschen durch türkischsprachige Lerner/innen. In Deppermann, A. (Ed.), Das Deutsch der Migranten. Berlin: De Gruyter, 369–390 [Syllables and (metric) feet in German and Turkish – Acquisition of German orthography by turkish-speaking learners].
Erscheinungsjahr
2017
Titel des Konferenzbandes
Proceedings of the International Symposium on Monolingual and Bilingual Speech 2017
Konferenz
International Symposium on Monolingual and Bilingual Speech 2017
Konferenzort
Chania, Griechenland
Konferenzdatum
2017-09-04 – 2017-09-07
ISBN
978-618-82351-1-3
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2959701

Zitieren

Walkenhorst A. Discrimination of German tense and lax vowels in German monolingual and German-Turkish an German-Russian bilingual children. In: Babatsouli E, Institute of Monolingual and Bilingual Speech, eds. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Monolingual and Bilingual Speech 2017. Chania, Griechenland; 2017.
Walkenhorst, A. (2017). Discrimination of German tense and lax vowels in German monolingual and German-Turkish an German-Russian bilingual children. In E. Babatsouli & Institute of Monolingual and Bilingual Speech (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Symposium on Monolingual and Bilingual Speech 2017 Chania, Griechenland.
Walkenhorst, Amrei. 2017. “Discrimination of German tense and lax vowels in German monolingual and German-Turkish an German-Russian bilingual children”. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on Monolingual and Bilingual Speech 2017, ed. Elena Babatsouli and Institute of Monolingual and Bilingual Speech. Chania, Griechenland.
Walkenhorst, A. (2017). “Discrimination of German tense and lax vowels in German monolingual and German-Turkish an German-Russian bilingual children” in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Monolingual and Bilingual Speech 2017, Babatsouli, E., and Institute of Monolingual and Bilingual Speech eds. (Chania, Griechenland).
Walkenhorst, A., 2017. Discrimination of German tense and lax vowels in German monolingual and German-Turkish an German-Russian bilingual children. In E. Babatsouli & Institute of Monolingual and Bilingual Speech, eds. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Monolingual and Bilingual Speech 2017. Chania, Griechenland.
A. Walkenhorst, “Discrimination of German tense and lax vowels in German monolingual and German-Turkish an German-Russian bilingual children”, Proceedings of the International Symposium on Monolingual and Bilingual Speech 2017, E. Babatsouli and Institute of Monolingual and Bilingual Speech, eds., Chania, Griechenland: 2017.
Walkenhorst, A.: Discrimination of German tense and lax vowels in German monolingual and German-Turkish an German-Russian bilingual children. In: Babatsouli, E. and Institute of Monolingual and Bilingual Speech (eds.) Proceedings of the International Symposium on Monolingual and Bilingual Speech 2017. Chania, Griechenland (2017).
Walkenhorst, Amrei. “Discrimination of German tense and lax vowels in German monolingual and German-Turkish an German-Russian bilingual children”. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Monolingual and Bilingual Speech 2017. Ed. Elena Babatsouli and Institute of Monolingual and Bilingual Speech. Chania, Griechenland, 2017.
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