Comparative Transcriptomic Profiling of O:3 and O:8 Reveals Major Expression Differences of Fitness- and Virulence-Relevant Genes Indicating Ecological Separation

Schmühl C, Beckstette M, Heroven AK, Bunk B, Spröer C, McNally A, Overmann J, Dersch P (2019)
mSystems 4(2).

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Schmühl, Carina; Beckstette, MichaelUniBi; Heroven, Ann Kathrin; Bunk, Boyke; Spröer, Cathrin; McNally, Alan; Overmann, Jörg; Dersch, Petra
Abstract / Bemerkung
Yersinia enterocolitica is a zoonotic pathogen and an important cause of bacterial gastrointestinal infections in humans. Large-scale population genomic analyses revealed genetic and phenotypic diversity of this bacterial species, but little is known about the differences in the transcriptome organization, small RNA (sRNA) repertoire, and transcriptional output. Here, we present the first comparative high-resolution transcriptome analysis of Y. enterocolitica strains representing highly pathogenic phylogroup 2 (serotype O:8) and moderately pathogenic phylogroup 3 (serotype O:3) grown under four infection-relevant conditions. Our transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq) approach revealed 1,299 and 1,076 transcriptional start sites and identified strain-specific sRNAs that could contribute to differential regulation among the phylogroups. Comparative transcriptomics further uncovered major gene expression differences, in particular, in the temperature-responsive regulon. Multiple virulence-relevant genes are differentially regulated between the two strains, supporting an ecological separation of phylogroups with certain niche-adapted properties. Strong upregulation of the ystA enterotoxin gene in combination with constitutive high expression of cell invasion factor InvA further showed that the toxicity of recent outbreak O:3 strains has increased. Overall, our report provides new insights into the specific transcriptome organization of phylogroups 2 and 3 and reveals gene expression differences contributing to the substantial phenotypic differences that exist between the lineages.
Erscheinungsjahr
2019
Zeitschriftentitel
mSystems
Band
4
Ausgabe
2
eISSN
2379-5077
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2953286

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Schmühl C, Beckstette M, Heroven AK, et al. Comparative Transcriptomic Profiling of O:3 and O:8 Reveals Major Expression Differences of Fitness- and Virulence-Relevant Genes Indicating Ecological Separation. mSystems. 2019;4(2).
Schmühl, C., Beckstette, M., Heroven, A. K., Bunk, B., Spröer, C., McNally, A., Overmann, J., et al. (2019). Comparative Transcriptomic Profiling of O:3 and O:8 Reveals Major Expression Differences of Fitness- and Virulence-Relevant Genes Indicating Ecological Separation. mSystems, 4(2). https://doi.org/10.1128/mSystems.00239-18
Schmühl, C., Beckstette, M., Heroven, A. K., Bunk, B., Spröer, C., McNally, A., Overmann, J., and Dersch, P. (2019). Comparative Transcriptomic Profiling of O:3 and O:8 Reveals Major Expression Differences of Fitness- and Virulence-Relevant Genes Indicating Ecological Separation. mSystems 4.
Schmühl, C., et al., 2019. Comparative Transcriptomic Profiling of O:3 and O:8 Reveals Major Expression Differences of Fitness- and Virulence-Relevant Genes Indicating Ecological Separation. mSystems, 4(2).
C. Schmühl, et al., “Comparative Transcriptomic Profiling of O:3 and O:8 Reveals Major Expression Differences of Fitness- and Virulence-Relevant Genes Indicating Ecological Separation”, mSystems, vol. 4, 2019.
Schmühl, C., Beckstette, M., Heroven, A.K., Bunk, B., Spröer, C., McNally, A., Overmann, J., Dersch, P.: Comparative Transcriptomic Profiling of O:3 and O:8 Reveals Major Expression Differences of Fitness- and Virulence-Relevant Genes Indicating Ecological Separation. mSystems. 4, (2019).
Schmühl, Carina, Beckstette, Michael, Heroven, Ann Kathrin, Bunk, Boyke, Spröer, Cathrin, McNally, Alan, Overmann, Jörg, and Dersch, Petra. “Comparative Transcriptomic Profiling of O:3 and O:8 Reveals Major Expression Differences of Fitness- and Virulence-Relevant Genes Indicating Ecological Separation”. mSystems 4.2 (2019).

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