Self-efficacy and outcome expectancies of secondary school students in performing basic life support

Dumcke R, Rahe-Meyer N, Wegner C (2021)
The Journal of Health, Environment, & Education 13: 1-12.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Dumcke, RicoUniBi ; Rahe-Meyer, Niels; Wegner, ClaasUniBi
Abstract / Bemerkung
Background: Basic life support (BLS) is recommended to be a part of the health education curriculum in secondary schools to increase the bystander resuscitation rate in Europe. Bystander efforts in cardiac arrest can increase survival up to fourfold. Important determinants to change behaviour and encourage altruism stem from good self-efficacy and positive outcome expectations. This study aims to investigate improving these beliefs after providing BLS training to secondary school students. Methods: A closed questionnaire was handed out to N = 365 secondary school students in North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany) before and after a BLS intervention of at least 90 minutes. Six-point rating scales for self-efficacy (9 items) and outcome expectancies (10 items) with two sub-dimensions each were specifically developed for BLS training. To review the 4-factorial design, a factor analysis was conducted. T-tests were performed to calculate time and gender-related differences. Results: Self-efficacy increased after intervention, in general (p < 0.001), and for overcoming possible psychological and social barriers (both p < 0.001). Males and females equally stated higher self-efficacy values after training (both p < 0.001), but females were significantly more self-efficacious at t1 (p < 0.01). The perception of positive outcome expectancies increased significantly from baseline to final test, whereas negative ones decreased (p < 0.05). Positive expectancies were higher for females than males (p < 0.05). Conclusion: BLS training improves situational self-efficacy and outcome expectancies and those beliefs should be discussed in future BLS teaching concepts, especially regarding negative barriers.
Stichworte
basic life support; health education; self-efficacy; cardiopulmonary resuscitation; outcome expectancies
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
The Journal of Health, Environment, & Education
Band
13
Seite(n)
1-12
eISSN
2199-9481
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2950059

Zitieren

Dumcke R, Rahe-Meyer N, Wegner C. Self-efficacy and outcome expectancies of secondary school students in performing basic life support. The Journal of Health, Environment, & Education. 2021;13:1-12.
Dumcke, R., Rahe-Meyer, N., & Wegner, C. (2021). Self-efficacy and outcome expectancies of secondary school students in performing basic life support. The Journal of Health, Environment, & Education, 13, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.18455/13001
Dumcke, R., Rahe-Meyer, N., and Wegner, C. (2021). Self-efficacy and outcome expectancies of secondary school students in performing basic life support. The Journal of Health, Environment, & Education 13, 1-12.
Dumcke, R., Rahe-Meyer, N., & Wegner, C., 2021. Self-efficacy and outcome expectancies of secondary school students in performing basic life support. The Journal of Health, Environment, & Education, 13, p 1-12.
R. Dumcke, N. Rahe-Meyer, and C. Wegner, “Self-efficacy and outcome expectancies of secondary school students in performing basic life support”, The Journal of Health, Environment, & Education, vol. 13, 2021, pp. 1-12.
Dumcke, R., Rahe-Meyer, N., Wegner, C.: Self-efficacy and outcome expectancies of secondary school students in performing basic life support. The Journal of Health, Environment, & Education. 13, 1-12 (2021).
Dumcke, Rico, Rahe-Meyer, Niels, and Wegner, Claas. “Self-efficacy and outcome expectancies of secondary school students in performing basic life support”. The Journal of Health, Environment, & Education 13 (2021): 1-12.

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