Explanation as a social practice: Toward a conceptual framework for the social design of AI systems

Rohlfing K, Cimiano P, Scharlau I, Matzner T, Buhl HM, Buschmeier H, Esposito E, Grimminger A, Hammer B, Häb-Umbach R, Horwath I, et al. (2020)
IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | E-Veröff. vor dem Druck | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Rohlfing, KatharinaUniBi; Cimiano, PhilippUniBi ; Scharlau, Ingrid; Matzner, Tobias; Buhl, Heike M.; Buschmeier, HendrikUniBi ; Esposito, ElenaUniBi; Grimminger, Angela; Hammer, BarbaraUniBi; Häb-Umbach, Reinhold; Horwath, Ilona; Hüllermeier, Eyke
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Abstract / Bemerkung
The recent surge of interest in explainability in artificial intelligence (XAI) is propelled by not only technological advancements in machine learning, but also by regulatory initiatives to foster transparency in algorithmic decision making. In this article, we revise the current concept of explainability and identify three limitations: passive explainee, narrow view on the social process, and undifferentiated assessment of understanding. In order to overcome these limitations, we present explanation as a social practice in which explainer and explainee co-construct understanding on the microlevel. We view the co-construction on a microlevel as embedded into a macrolevel, yielding expectations concerning, e.g., social roles or partner models: Typically, the role of the explainer is to provide an explanation and to adapt it to the current level of understanding of the explainee; the explainee, in turn, is expected to provide cues that guide the explainer. Building on explanations being a social practice, we present a conceptual framework that aims to guide future research in XAI. The framework relies on the key concepts of monitoring and scaffolding to capture the development of interaction. We relate our conceptual framework and our new perspective on explaining to transparency and autonomy as objectives considered for XAI
Erscheinungsjahr
2020
Zeitschriftentitel
IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems
ISSN
2379-8920
eISSN
2379-8939
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2949334

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Rohlfing K, Cimiano P, Scharlau I, et al. Explanation as a social practice: Toward a conceptual framework for the social design of AI systems. IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems. 2020.
Rohlfing, K., Cimiano, P., Scharlau, I., Matzner, T., Buhl, H. M., Buschmeier, H., Esposito, E., et al. (2020). Explanation as a social practice: Toward a conceptual framework for the social design of AI systems. IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems. doi:10.1109/TCDS.2020.3044366
Rohlfing, K., Cimiano, P., Scharlau, I., Matzner, T., Buhl, H. M., Buschmeier, H., Esposito, E., Grimminger, A., Hammer, B., Häb-Umbach, R., et al. (2020). Explanation as a social practice: Toward a conceptual framework for the social design of AI systems. IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems.
Rohlfing, K., et al., 2020. Explanation as a social practice: Toward a conceptual framework for the social design of AI systems. IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems.
K. Rohlfing, et al., “Explanation as a social practice: Toward a conceptual framework for the social design of AI systems”, IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems, 2020.
Rohlfing, K., Cimiano, P., Scharlau, I., Matzner, T., Buhl, H.M., Buschmeier, H., Esposito, E., Grimminger, A., Hammer, B., Häb-Umbach, R., Horwath, I., Hüllermeier, E., Kern, F., Kopp, S., Thommes, K., Ngonga Ngomo, A.-C., Schulte, C., Wachsmuth, H., Wagner, P., Wrede, B.: Explanation as a social practice: Toward a conceptual framework for the social design of AI systems. IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems. (2020).
Rohlfing, Katharina, Cimiano, Philipp, Scharlau, Ingrid, Matzner, Tobias, Buhl, Heike M., Buschmeier, Hendrik, Esposito, Elena, Grimminger, Angela, Hammer, Barbara, Häb-Umbach, Reinhold, Horwath, Ilona, Hüllermeier, Eyke, Kern, Friederike, Kopp, Stefan, Thommes, Kirsten, Ngonga Ngomo, Axel-Cyrille, Schulte, Carsten, Wachsmuth, Henning, Wagner, Petra, and Wrede, Britta. “Explanation as a social practice: Toward a conceptual framework for the social design of AI systems”. IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems (2020).

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