Lighting-from-above prior in biological motion perception

Fedorov LA, Dijkstra TMH, Giese MA (2018)
Scientific Reports 8(1): 1507.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | E-Veröff. vor dem Druck | Englisch
 
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Fedorov, Leonid A.; Dijkstra, Tjeerd M. H.; Giese, Martin A.
Einrichtung
Abstract / Bemerkung
The visual system is able to recognize body motion from impoverished stimuli. This requires combining stimulus information with visual priors. We present a new visual illusion showing that one of these priors is the assumption that bodies are typically illuminated from above. A change of illumination direction from above to below flips the perceived locomotion direction of a biological motion stimulus. Control experiments show that the underlying mechanism is different from shape-from-shading and directly combines information about body motion with a lighting-from-above prior. We further show that the illusion is critically dependent on the intrinsic luminance gradients of the most mobile parts of the moving body. We present a neural model with physiologically plausible mechanisms that accounts for the illusion and shows how the illumination prior might be encoded within the visual pathway. Our experiments demonstrate, for the first time, a direct influence of illumination priors in high-level motion vision.
Erscheinungsjahr
2018
Zeitschriftentitel
Scientific Reports
Band
8
Ausgabe
1
Art.-Nr.
1507
ISSN
2045-2322
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2918879

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Fedorov LA, Dijkstra TMH, Giese MA. Lighting-from-above prior in biological motion perception. Scientific Reports. 2018;8(1): 1507.
Fedorov, L. A., Dijkstra, T. M. H., & Giese, M. A. (2018). Lighting-from-above prior in biological motion perception. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 1507. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-19851-8
Fedorov, L. A., Dijkstra, T. M. H., and Giese, M. A. (2018). Lighting-from-above prior in biological motion perception. Scientific Reports 8:1507.
Fedorov, L.A., Dijkstra, T.M.H., & Giese, M.A., 2018. Lighting-from-above prior in biological motion perception. Scientific Reports, 8(1): 1507.
L.A. Fedorov, T.M.H. Dijkstra, and M.A. Giese, “Lighting-from-above prior in biological motion perception”, Scientific Reports, vol. 8, 2018, : 1507.
Fedorov, L.A., Dijkstra, T.M.H., Giese, M.A.: Lighting-from-above prior in biological motion perception. Scientific Reports. 8, : 1507 (2018).
Fedorov, Leonid A., Dijkstra, Tjeerd M. H., and Giese, Martin A. “Lighting-from-above prior in biological motion perception”. Scientific Reports 8.1 (2018): 1507.
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50 References

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

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PMID: 20884504
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Giese MA, Poggio T., Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 4(3), 2003
PMID: 12612631
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Ramachandran VS., Nature 331(6152), 1988
PMID: 3340162
Bistability and biasing effects in the perception of ambiguous point-light walkers.
Vanrie J, Dekeyser M, Verfaillie K., Perception 33(5), 2004
PMID: 15250660
Shading and stereo in early perception of shape and reflectance.
Sun J, Perona P., Perception 26(4), 1997
PMID: 9404497
3D shape perception from combined depth cues in human visual cortex.
Welchman AE, Deubelius A, Conrad V, Bulthoff HH, Kourtzi Z., Nat. Neurosci. 8(6), 2005
PMID: 15864303
Neural correlates for perception of 3D surface orientation from texture gradient.
Tsutsui K, Sakata H, Naganuma T, Taira M., Science 298(5592), 2002
PMID: 12376700
A neural code for three-dimensional object shape in macaque inferotemporal cortex.
Yamane Y, Carlson ET, Bowman KC, Wang Z, Connor CE., Nat. Neurosci. 11(11), 2008
PMID: 18836443
Critical features for the perception of emotion from gait.
Roether CL, Omlor L, Christensen A, Giese MA., J Vis 9(6), 2009
PMID: 19761306
Perceiving depth in point-light actions.
Vanrie J, Verfaillie K., Percept Psychophys 68(4), 2006
PMID: 16933425
Top-down influences on stereoscopic depth-perception.
Bulthoff I, Bulthoff H, Sinha P., Nat. Neurosci. 1(3), 1998
PMID: 10195152
Where is the light? Bayesian perceptual priors for lighting direction.
Stone JV, Kerrigan IS, Porrill J., Proc. Biol. Sci. 276(1663), 2009
PMID: 19324801
Experience can change the 'light-from-above' prior.
Adams WJ, Graf EW, Ernst MO., Nat. Neurosci. 7(10), 2004
PMID: 15361877
Prior knowledge of illumination for 3D perception in the human brain.
Gerardin P, Kourtzi Z, Mamassian P., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(37), 2010
PMID: 20805488
Bayesian inference of form and shape.
Mamassian P., Prog. Brain Res. 154(), 2006
PMID: 17010717
Distinct mechanisms for coding of visual actions in macaque temporal cortex.
Vangeneugden J, De Maziere PA, Van Hulle MM, Jaeggli T, Van Gool L, Vogels R., J. Neurosci. 31(2), 2011
PMID: 21228150
Hierarchical models of object recognition in cortex.
Riesenhuber M, Poggio T., Nat. Neurosci. 2(11), 1999
PMID: 10526343
On the perception of shape from shading.
Kleffner DA, Ramachandran VS., Percept Psychophys 52(1), 1992
PMID: 1635855
Estimation of 3D shape from image orientations.
Fleming RW, Holtmann-Rice D, Bulthoff HH., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(51), 2011
PMID: 22147916
Gaze patterns during perception of direction and gender from biological motion.
Saunders DR, Williamson DK, Troje NF., J Vis 10(11), 2010
PMID: 20884504
A model of biological motion perception from configural form cues.
Lange J, Lappe M., J. Neurosci. 26(11), 2006
PMID: 16540566
Analog "neuronal" networks in early vision.
Koch C, Marroquin J, Yuille A., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 83(12), 1986
PMID: 3459172
Neural mechanisms for the recognition of biological movements.
Giese MA, Poggio T., Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 4(3), 2003
PMID: 12612631
Perception of shape from shading.
Ramachandran VS., Nature 331(6152), 1988
PMID: 3340162

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