Stress reactivity in salivary cortisol and electrocardiogram in adolescents: Investigating sleep disturbances and insomnia

Kater M-J, Werner A, Schlarb A, Lohaus A (2022)
Journal of Sleep Research.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | E-Veröff. vor dem Druck | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
This study examined the role of sleep disturbances and insomnia in the context of stress reactivity in adolescence. One-hundred and thirty-five 11–18 year olds (Mage = 14.2 years, SD = 1.9, 52% female) completed the Trier Social Stress Test for Children. Salivary cortisol and subjective stress ratings were collected at six time points, and heart rate as well as heart rate variability were measured pre-, during and post-stress induction. Additionally, sleep disturbances and insomnia diagnosis were assessed by a self-report questionnaire and a sleep interview. Robust mixed models investigated if adolescents with compared with adolescents without (a) sleep disturbances and (b) insomnia differ regarding cortisol, heart rate, heart rate variability and psychological stress reactivity considering gender effects. The results indicated that boys with high sleep disturbances showed higher cortisol activity compared with boys with low sleep disturbances, B = 0.88, p < 0.05. Moreover, in boys with insomnia, heart rate and alpha 1 significantly differ less than in boys without insomnia. These findings support the notion of sex differences regarding the association between poor sleep and increased activity of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis, and a less adaptable autonomic nervous system in boys in response to an experimental social stress task.
Erscheinungsjahr
2022
Zeitschriftentitel
Journal of Sleep Research
ISSN
0962-1105
eISSN
1365-2869
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2964497

Zitieren

Kater M-J, Werner A, Schlarb A, Lohaus A. Stress reactivity in salivary cortisol and electrocardiogram in adolescents: Investigating sleep disturbances and insomnia. Journal of Sleep Research. 2022.
Kater, M. - J., Werner, A., Schlarb, A., & Lohaus, A. (2022). Stress reactivity in salivary cortisol and electrocardiogram in adolescents: Investigating sleep disturbances and insomnia. Journal of Sleep Research. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsr.13591
Kater, M. - J., Werner, A., Schlarb, A., and Lohaus, A. (2022). Stress reactivity in salivary cortisol and electrocardiogram in adolescents: Investigating sleep disturbances and insomnia. Journal of Sleep Research.
Kater, M.-J., et al., 2022. Stress reactivity in salivary cortisol and electrocardiogram in adolescents: Investigating sleep disturbances and insomnia. Journal of Sleep Research.
M.-J. Kater, et al., “Stress reactivity in salivary cortisol and electrocardiogram in adolescents: Investigating sleep disturbances and insomnia”, Journal of Sleep Research, 2022.
Kater, M.-J., Werner, A., Schlarb, A., Lohaus, A.: Stress reactivity in salivary cortisol and electrocardiogram in adolescents: Investigating sleep disturbances and insomnia. Journal of Sleep Research. (2022).
Kater, Maren-Jo, Werner, Anika, Schlarb, Angelika, and Lohaus, Arnold. “Stress reactivity in salivary cortisol and electrocardiogram in adolescents: Investigating sleep disturbances and insomnia”. Journal of Sleep Research (2022).
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2022-07-18T07:49:37Z
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