Microfluidic Reproduction of Dynamic Bioreactor Environment Based on Computational Lifelines

Ho P, Täuber S, Stute B, Grünberger A, von Lieres E (2022)
Frontiers in Chemical Engineering 4: 826485.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Ho, Phuong; Täuber, SarahUniBi ; Stute, Birgit; Grünberger, AlexanderUniBi; von Lieres, Eric
Abstract / Bemerkung
The biotechnological production of fine chemicals, proteins and pharmaceuticals is usually hampered by loss of microbial performance during scale-up. This challenge is mainly caused by discrepancies between homogeneous environmental conditions at laboratory scale, where bioprocesses are optimized, and inhomogeneous conditions in large-scale bioreactors, where production takes place. Therefore, to improve strain selection and process development, it is of great interest to characterize these fluctuating conditions at large-scale and to study their effects on microbial cells. In this paper, we demonstrate the potential of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation of large-scale bioreactors combined with dynamic microfluidic single-cell cultivation (dMSCC). Environmental conditions in a 200 L bioreactor were characterized with CFD simulations. Computational lifelines were determined by combining simulated turbulent multiphase flow, mass transport and particle tracing. Glucose availability forCorynebacterium glutamicumcells was determined. The reactor was simulated with average glucose concentrations of 6 g m−3, 10 g m−3and 16 g m−3. The resulting computational lifelines, discretized into starvation and abundance regimes, were used as feed profiles for the dMSCC to investigate how varying glucose concentration affects cell physiology and growth rate. In this study, each colony in the dMSCC device represents a single cell as it travels through the reactor. Under oscillating conditions reproduced in the dMSCC device, a decrease in growth rate of about 40% was observed compared to continuous supply with the same average glucose availability. The presented approach provides insights into environmental conditions observed by microorganisms in large-scale bioreactors. It also paves the way for an improved understanding of how inhomogeneous environmental conditions influence cellular physiology, growth and production.
Erscheinungsjahr
2022
Zeitschriftentitel
Frontiers in Chemical Engineering
Band
4
Art.-Nr.
826485
eISSN
2673-2718
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2964097

Zitieren

Ho P, Täuber S, Stute B, Grünberger A, von Lieres E. Microfluidic Reproduction of Dynamic Bioreactor Environment Based on Computational Lifelines. Frontiers in Chemical Engineering. 2022;4: 826485.
Ho, P., Täuber, S., Stute, B., Grünberger, A., & von Lieres, E. (2022). Microfluidic Reproduction of Dynamic Bioreactor Environment Based on Computational Lifelines. Frontiers in Chemical Engineering, 4, 826485. https://doi.org/10.3389/fceng.2022.826485
Ho, P., Täuber, S., Stute, B., Grünberger, A., and von Lieres, E. (2022). Microfluidic Reproduction of Dynamic Bioreactor Environment Based on Computational Lifelines. Frontiers in Chemical Engineering 4:826485.
Ho, P., et al., 2022. Microfluidic Reproduction of Dynamic Bioreactor Environment Based on Computational Lifelines. Frontiers in Chemical Engineering, 4: 826485.
P. Ho, et al., “Microfluidic Reproduction of Dynamic Bioreactor Environment Based on Computational Lifelines”, Frontiers in Chemical Engineering, vol. 4, 2022, : 826485.
Ho, P., Täuber, S., Stute, B., Grünberger, A., von Lieres, E.: Microfluidic Reproduction of Dynamic Bioreactor Environment Based on Computational Lifelines. Frontiers in Chemical Engineering. 4, : 826485 (2022).
Ho, Phuong, Täuber, Sarah, Stute, Birgit, Grünberger, Alexander, and von Lieres, Eric. “Microfluidic Reproduction of Dynamic Bioreactor Environment Based on Computational Lifelines”. Frontiers in Chemical Engineering 4 (2022): 826485.

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