Ideology, Legitimation and Collective Action: Evidence from Chile on the Mechanism of Ideological Inversion

Puga I, Moya C (2022)
Social Forces: soac032.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Puga, Ismael; Moya, CristóbalUniBi
Abstract / Bemerkung
**Abstract**
We present evidence on a social mechanism of legitimation—ideological inversion—proposing that a fantasy consensus deters collective actions oriented toward social change, even in contexts were individuals support transformations. This fantasy consensus emerges as individuals infer the order’s validity mainly from the practices of others, which are largely constrained by social structures. Relying on a factorial survey experiment conducted in Chile, our results support the two main hypotheses from ideological inversion: people systematically overestimate the support for the status quo, and this overestimation has a deterrent effect on collective actions oriented toward social change. We argue that ideological inversion helps explain how legitimation crises often remain hidden, and therefore how political crisis often emerge abruptly. For instance, before the revolt of 2019 Chile was perceived as an example of social stability within Latin America, yet after an ordinary subway fare hike the country erupted in an unrelenting and massive wave of protests. Our findings suggest that the social support for the status quo previously perceived in Chile was a fantasy consensus enforced by constrained practices, and that this fantasy was very effective until recently in deterring social change. Ideological inversion thus provides a mechanism that contributes to explain the stability of social structures and inequalities regardless of individual dispositions or shared norms.
Erscheinungsjahr
2022
Zeitschriftentitel
Social Forces
Art.-Nr.
soac032
ISSN
0037-7732
eISSN
1534-7605
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2962223

Zitieren

Puga I, Moya C. Ideology, Legitimation and Collective Action: Evidence from Chile on the Mechanism of Ideological Inversion. Social Forces. 2022: soac032.
Puga, I., & Moya, C. (2022). Ideology, Legitimation and Collective Action: Evidence from Chile on the Mechanism of Ideological Inversion. Social Forces, soac032. https://doi.org/10.1093/sf/soac032
Puga, I., and Moya, C. (2022). Ideology, Legitimation and Collective Action: Evidence from Chile on the Mechanism of Ideological Inversion. Social Forces:soac032.
Puga, I., & Moya, C., 2022. Ideology, Legitimation and Collective Action: Evidence from Chile on the Mechanism of Ideological Inversion. Social Forces, : soac032.
I. Puga and C. Moya, “Ideology, Legitimation and Collective Action: Evidence from Chile on the Mechanism of Ideological Inversion”, Social Forces, 2022, : soac032.
Puga, I., Moya, C.: Ideology, Legitimation and Collective Action: Evidence from Chile on the Mechanism of Ideological Inversion. Social Forces. : soac032 (2022).
Puga, Ismael, and Moya, Cristóbal. “Ideology, Legitimation and Collective Action: Evidence from Chile on the Mechanism of Ideological Inversion”. Social Forces (2022): soac032.

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