Do Parental and Peer Support Protect Adjustment in the Face of Ethnic Discrimination? A Comparison between Refugee Youth and Youth of Immigrant Descent

Wenzing JMC, Gharaei N, Demir Z, Schachner MK (2021)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18(22): 12016.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Wenzing, Julia Marie Christina; Gharaei, Nadja; Demir, ZeynepUniBi ; Schachner, Maja Katharina
Abstract / Bemerkung
Applying a risk and protection perspective, this study paid special attention to the protective roles of parental and peer support in the face of perceived ethnic discrimination (PED) at school. Responding to the inconsistent findings of previous research, the survey study provides greater clarity regarding the interactions between PED at school, social support and positive adjustment (self-esteem, self-efficacy, optimism and school integration). The sample comprised 104 ethnic-minority youth (Mage = 17.73, SD = 3.29, 61% female), including refugee youth (n = 55) and second- and third-generation youth of immigrant descent (n = 49). Structural equation models across the whole sample confirmed peer support as a significant moderator, indicating that ethnic-minority youth who received low peer support were less optimistic when facing PED. In multi-group models, we tested whether results differ across refugee youth and youth of immigrant descent. Results revealed between-group differences concerning the moderating roles of parental and peer support: For youth of immigrant descent, while more PED was associated with lower self-esteem when receiving low parental support, we found a positive association between PED and optimism when receiving high parental support. Based on the findings that refugee youth were shown to be less optimistic when obtaining low peer support, the main interaction effect for peer support on optimism seemed to be driven by refugee youth. The results of our cross-sectional study highlight the importance of identifying specific social support factors for specific adjustment outcomes and also the importance of differentiating between minority groups. Further, the findings offer practical implications for the educational sector in terms of programs focusing on the development of peer-support networks to especially promote refugee youth resilience and resettlement in Germany.
Stichworte
perceived ethnic discrimination; positive adjustment; refugee youth; social support; youth of immigrant descent
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Band
18
Ausgabe
22
Seite(n)
12016
eISSN
1660-4601
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2959577

Zitieren

Wenzing JMC, Gharaei N, Demir Z, Schachner MK. Do Parental and Peer Support Protect Adjustment in the Face of Ethnic Discrimination? A Comparison between Refugee Youth and Youth of Immigrant Descent. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021;18(22):12016.
Wenzing, J. M. C., Gharaei, N., Demir, Z., & Schachner, M. K. (2021). Do Parental and Peer Support Protect Adjustment in the Face of Ethnic Discrimination? A Comparison between Refugee Youth and Youth of Immigrant Descent. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(22), 12016. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182212016
Wenzing, J. M. C., Gharaei, N., Demir, Z., and Schachner, M. K. (2021). Do Parental and Peer Support Protect Adjustment in the Face of Ethnic Discrimination? A Comparison between Refugee Youth and Youth of Immigrant Descent. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, 12016.
Wenzing, J.M.C., et al., 2021. Do Parental and Peer Support Protect Adjustment in the Face of Ethnic Discrimination? A Comparison between Refugee Youth and Youth of Immigrant Descent. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(22), p 12016.
J.M.C. Wenzing, et al., “Do Parental and Peer Support Protect Adjustment in the Face of Ethnic Discrimination? A Comparison between Refugee Youth and Youth of Immigrant Descent”, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 18, 2021, pp. 12016.
Wenzing, J.M.C., Gharaei, N., Demir, Z., Schachner, M.K.: Do Parental and Peer Support Protect Adjustment in the Face of Ethnic Discrimination? A Comparison between Refugee Youth and Youth of Immigrant Descent. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 18, 12016 (2021).
Wenzing, Julia Marie Christina, Gharaei, Nadja, Demir, Zeynep, and Schachner, Maja Katharina. “Do Parental and Peer Support Protect Adjustment in the Face of Ethnic Discrimination? A Comparison between Refugee Youth and Youth of Immigrant Descent”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18.22 (2021): 12016.
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