SARS-Cov-2 prevalence, transmission, health-related outcomes and control strategies in homeless shelters: Systematic review and meta-analysis

Mohsenpour A, Bozorgmehr K, Rohleder S, Stratil J, Costa D (2021)
EClinicalMedicine: 101032.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Background People experiencing homelessness (PEH) may be at risk for COVID19. We synthesised evidence on SARS-Cov-2 infection, transmission, outcomes of disease, effects of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPI), and the effectiveness of strategies for infection prevention and control (IPC). Methods Systematic review of articles, indexed in electronic databases (EMBASE, WHOsingle bondCovid19, Web of Science), institutional websites and the Norwegian Institute of Public Health's live map of COVID-19 evidence, and published from December 1st, 2019, to March 3rd, 2021. Empirical papers of any study design addressing Covid-19 and health(-related) outcomes in PEH or shelters’ staff were included. (PROSPERO-2020-CRD42020187033) Findings Of 536 publications, 37 studies were included (two modelling, 31 observational, four qualitative studies). Random-effect meta-analysis yields a baseline SARS-Cov-2 prevalence of 2•32% (95% Confidence-Interval, 95%CI=1•30–3•34) in PEH and 1•55% (95%CI=0•79–2•31) in staff. In outbreaks, the pooled prevalence increases to 31•59% (95%CI=20•48–42•71) in PEH and 14•80% (95%CI=10•73–18•87) in staff. Main IPC strategies were universal rapid testing, expansion of non-congregate housing, and in-shelter measures (bed spacing, limited staff rotation, reduction in number of residents). Interpretation 32% of PEH and 15% staff are infected during outbreaks of SARS-Cov-2 in homeless shelters. Most studies were conducted in the USA. No studies were found quantifying health-related outcomes of NPI. Overview and evaluation of IPC strategies for PEH, a better understanding of disease transmission, and reliable data on PEH within Covid-19 notification systems are needed. Qualitative studies may serve to voice PEH and shelter staff experiences, and guide future evaluations and IPC strategies.
Stichworte
people experiencing homelessness; homeless shelters; SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; systematic review; Meta-analysis
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
EClinicalMedicine
Art.-Nr.
101032
ISSN
2589-5370
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2956527

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Mohsenpour A, Bozorgmehr K, Rohleder S, Stratil J, Costa D. SARS-Cov-2 prevalence, transmission, health-related outcomes and control strategies in homeless shelters: Systematic review and meta-analysis. EClinicalMedicine. 2021: 101032.
Mohsenpour, A., Bozorgmehr, K., Rohleder, S., Stratil, J., & Costa, D. (2021). SARS-Cov-2 prevalence, transmission, health-related outcomes and control strategies in homeless shelters: Systematic review and meta-analysis. EClinicalMedicine, 101032. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2021.101032
Mohsenpour, A., Bozorgmehr, K., Rohleder, S., Stratil, J., and Costa, D. (2021). SARS-Cov-2 prevalence, transmission, health-related outcomes and control strategies in homeless shelters: Systematic review and meta-analysis. EClinicalMedicine:101032.
Mohsenpour, A., et al., 2021. SARS-Cov-2 prevalence, transmission, health-related outcomes and control strategies in homeless shelters: Systematic review and meta-analysis. EClinicalMedicine, : 101032.
A. Mohsenpour, et al., “SARS-Cov-2 prevalence, transmission, health-related outcomes and control strategies in homeless shelters: Systematic review and meta-analysis”, EClinicalMedicine, 2021, : 101032.
Mohsenpour, A., Bozorgmehr, K., Rohleder, S., Stratil, J., Costa, D.: SARS-Cov-2 prevalence, transmission, health-related outcomes and control strategies in homeless shelters: Systematic review and meta-analysis. EClinicalMedicine. : 101032 (2021).
Mohsenpour, Amir, Bozorgmehr, Kayvan, Rohleder, Sven, Stratil, Jan, and Costa, Diogo. “SARS-Cov-2 prevalence, transmission, health-related outcomes and control strategies in homeless shelters: Systematic review and meta-analysis”. EClinicalMedicine (2021): 101032.

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