Input of hair field afferents to a descending interneuron

Jaske B, Lepreux G, Dürr V (2021)
Journal of neurophysiology.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | E-Veröff. vor dem Druck | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
In insects the tactile sense is important for near-range orientation and is involved in various behaviors. Nocturnal insects such as the stick insect Carausius morosus continuously explore their surroundings by actively moving their antennae when walking. Upon antennal contact with objects, stick insects show a targeted front-leg movement. As this reaction occurs within 40 ms, descending transfer of information from the brain to the thorax needs to be fast. So far, a number of descending interneurons have been described that may be involved in this reach-to-grasp behavior. One of these is the contralateral ON-type velocity-sensitive neuron (cONv). cONv was found to encode antennal joint-angle velocity during passive movement. Here, we characterize the transient response properties of cONv, including its dependence on joint angle range and direction. Since antennal hair field afferent terminals were shown to arborize close to cONv dendrites, we test whether antennal hair fields contribute to the joint-angle velocity encoding of cONv. To do so, we conducted bilateral extracellular recordings of both cONv interneurons per animal before and after hair field ablations. Our results show that cONv responses are highly transient, with velocity-dependent differences in delay and response magnitude. As yet, the steady state activity level was maintained until the stop of antennal movement, irrespective of movement velocity. Hair field ablation caused a moderate but significant reduction of movement-induced cONv firing rate by up to 40 %. We conclude that antennal proprioceptive hair fields contribute to the velocity-tuning of cONv, though further antennal mechanoreceptors must be involved, too.
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
Journal of neurophysiology
eISSN
1522-1598
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2955921

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Jaske B, Lepreux G, Dürr V. Input of hair field afferents to a descending interneuron. Journal of neurophysiology. 2021.
Jaske, B., Lepreux, G., & Dürr, V. (2021). Input of hair field afferents to a descending interneuron. Journal of neurophysiology. https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.00169.2021
Jaske, B., Lepreux, G., and Dürr, V. (2021). Input of hair field afferents to a descending interneuron. Journal of neurophysiology.
Jaske, B., Lepreux, G., & Dürr, V., 2021. Input of hair field afferents to a descending interneuron. Journal of neurophysiology.
B. Jaske, G. Lepreux, and V. Dürr, “Input of hair field afferents to a descending interneuron”, Journal of neurophysiology, 2021.
Jaske, B., Lepreux, G., Dürr, V.: Input of hair field afferents to a descending interneuron. Journal of neurophysiology. (2021).
Jaske, Bianca, Lepreux, Gaetan, and Dürr, Volker. “Input of hair field afferents to a descending interneuron”. Journal of neurophysiology (2021).

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