Towards an understanding of how stress and resources affect the nonmedical use of prescription drugs for performance enhancement among employees

Baum M, Sattler S, Reimann M (2021)
Current Psychology.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
Download
Es wurden keine Dateien hochgeladen. Nur Publikationsnachweis!
Abstract / Bemerkung
Based on assumptions of the Job Demands-Resources model, we investigated employees' willingness to use prescription drugs such as methylphenidate and modafinil for nonmedical purposes to enhance their cognitive functioning as a response to strain (i.e., perceived stress) that is induced by job demands (e.g., overtime, emotional demands, shift work, leadership responsibility). We also examined the direct and moderating effects of resources (e.g., emotional stability, social and instrumental social support) in this process. We utilized data from a representative survey of employees in Germany (N = 6454) encompassing various job demands and resources, levels of perceived stress, and willingness to use nonmedical drugs for performance enhancement purposes. By using Structural Equation Models, we found that job demands (such as overtime and emotional demands) and a scarcity of resources (such as emotional stability) increased strain, consequently directly and indirectly increasing the willingness to use prescription drugs for cognitive enhancement. Moreover, emotional stability reduced the effect of certain demands on strain. These results delivered new insights into mechanisms behind nonmedical prescription drug use that can be used to prevent such behaviour and potential negative health consequences.
Stichworte
Job demands-resources model; Stress; Nonmedical use of prescription; drugs; Drug misuse; Cognitive enhancement
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
Current Psychology
ISSN
1046-1310
eISSN
1936-4733
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2955695

Zitieren

Baum M, Sattler S, Reimann M. Towards an understanding of how stress and resources affect the nonmedical use of prescription drugs for performance enhancement among employees. Current Psychology. 2021.
Baum, M., Sattler, S., & Reimann, M. (2021). Towards an understanding of how stress and resources affect the nonmedical use of prescription drugs for performance enhancement among employees. Current Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-021-01873-7
Baum, M., Sattler, S., and Reimann, M. (2021). Towards an understanding of how stress and resources affect the nonmedical use of prescription drugs for performance enhancement among employees. Current Psychology.
Baum, M., Sattler, S., & Reimann, M., 2021. Towards an understanding of how stress and resources affect the nonmedical use of prescription drugs for performance enhancement among employees. Current Psychology.
M. Baum, S. Sattler, and M. Reimann, “Towards an understanding of how stress and resources affect the nonmedical use of prescription drugs for performance enhancement among employees”, Current Psychology, 2021.
Baum, M., Sattler, S., Reimann, M.: Towards an understanding of how stress and resources affect the nonmedical use of prescription drugs for performance enhancement among employees. Current Psychology. (2021).
Baum, Myriam, Sattler, Sebastian, and Reimann, Mareike. “Towards an understanding of how stress and resources affect the nonmedical use of prescription drugs for performance enhancement among employees”. Current Psychology (2021).

Export

Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

Dieser Datensatz im Web of Science®

Suchen in

Google Scholar