Effects of adult inpatient group psychotherapy on attachment characteristics: An observational study comparing routine care to an untreated comparison group

Kirchmann H, Steyer R, Mayer A, Joraschky P, Schreiber-Willnow K, Strauss B (2012)
Psychotherapy Research 22(1): 95-114.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Kirchmann, Helmut; Steyer, Rolf; Mayer, AxelUniBi; Joraschky, Peter; Schreiber-Willnow, Karin; Strauss, Bernhard
Abstract / Bemerkung
This study investigated the changes in attachment characteristics of patients undergoing inpatient group psychotherapy in routine care. We collected data from 265 consecutively recruited patients and 260 non-clinical control persons using self-report measures of attachment, depression, and socio-demographic characteristics. The effects of treatment on patients were analyzed using propensity score techniques (propensity strata and logit-transformed propensity scores) in combination with a generalized analysis of covariance. A moderate increase of attachment security was found which could be attributed to a decrease both in attachment anxiety and avoidance. Pre-post improvements in attachment with regard to romantic partnerships were stable after a 1-year follow-up. Furthermore, we found significant treatment-covariate interactions indicating that subjects with particularly high treatment propensities (propensities were highly correlated with depression and attachment anxiety) improved the most in terms of attachment security. Our results are encouraging for psychotherapeutic practice in that they provide evidence that long-term attachment improvements can be reached via psychotherapy. Our results will also provide a sound basis for future studies in the field of clinical attachment research, e.g., studies examining whether improved attachment security is correlated to symptom improvements in different psychological disorders.
Erscheinungsjahr
2012
Zeitschriftentitel
Psychotherapy Research
Band
22
Ausgabe
1
Seite(n)
95-114
ISSN
1050-3307
eISSN
1468-4381
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2955604

Zitieren

Kirchmann H, Steyer R, Mayer A, Joraschky P, Schreiber-Willnow K, Strauss B. Effects of adult inpatient group psychotherapy on attachment characteristics: An observational study comparing routine care to an untreated comparison group. Psychotherapy Research. 2012;22(1):95-114.
Kirchmann, H., Steyer, R., Mayer, A., Joraschky, P., Schreiber-Willnow, K., & Strauss, B. (2012). Effects of adult inpatient group psychotherapy on attachment characteristics: An observational study comparing routine care to an untreated comparison group. Psychotherapy Research, 22(1), 95-114. https://doi.org/10.1080/10503307.2011.626807
Kirchmann, H., Steyer, R., Mayer, A., Joraschky, P., Schreiber-Willnow, K., and Strauss, B. (2012). Effects of adult inpatient group psychotherapy on attachment characteristics: An observational study comparing routine care to an untreated comparison group. Psychotherapy Research 22, 95-114.
Kirchmann, H., et al., 2012. Effects of adult inpatient group psychotherapy on attachment characteristics: An observational study comparing routine care to an untreated comparison group. Psychotherapy Research, 22(1), p 95-114.
H. Kirchmann, et al., “Effects of adult inpatient group psychotherapy on attachment characteristics: An observational study comparing routine care to an untreated comparison group”, Psychotherapy Research, vol. 22, 2012, pp. 95-114.
Kirchmann, H., Steyer, R., Mayer, A., Joraschky, P., Schreiber-Willnow, K., Strauss, B.: Effects of adult inpatient group psychotherapy on attachment characteristics: An observational study comparing routine care to an untreated comparison group. Psychotherapy Research. 22, 95-114 (2012).
Kirchmann, Helmut, Steyer, Rolf, Mayer, Axel, Joraschky, Peter, Schreiber-Willnow, Karin, and Strauss, Bernhard. “Effects of adult inpatient group psychotherapy on attachment characteristics: An observational study comparing routine care to an untreated comparison group”. Psychotherapy Research 22.1 (2012): 95-114.

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