Gender dissimilarity between subject and object facilitates online-comprehension of agent–patient–relations in German: An eye-tracking study with 6- to 10-year-old monolingual children

Bürsgens A, Cholewa J, Mayer A, Günther T (In Press)
Lingua: 103110.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Im Druck | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Bürsgens, Annika; Cholewa, Jürgen; Mayer, AxelUniBi; Günther, Thomas
Abstract / Bemerkung
In this eye-tracking study, we examined whether gender dissimilarity between the case-marked subject and object noun phrases in a subject-verb-object (SVO) or object-verb-subject sentence (OVS) was used to predict thematic roles (agent and patient) and facilitate the grammatical analyses needed for thematic role assignment. Forty-two German-speaking 6- to 10-year-old children looked at two drawings depicting an action between two figures while listening to a sentence. One drawing matched the sentence, but the other showed the figures’ thematic roles reversed. For half of the sentences, each figure's thematic role could be predicted shortly after stimulus onset from the gender of the first word (an article) due to gender dissimilarity between the subject and the object. For the other sentences, children had to wait at least until they heard the first noun of the sentence. Our results confirmed that the children shifted their looks earlier and more confidently to the target in SVO sentences with gender-dissimilar noun phrases. Results for OVS sentences were not so clear-cut: a sentence-final facilitation effect of gender dissimilarity was only visible subsequently when agent and patient were analyzed separately. Our findings are discussed with respect to different approaches to the role of gender processing in sentence comprehension.
Stichworte
Grammatical gender; Morphological case; Online auditory comprehension; Agent–patient–relation; Eye-tracking
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
Lingua
Art.-Nr.
103110
ISSN
00243841
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2955570

Zitieren

Bürsgens A, Cholewa J, Mayer A, Günther T. Gender dissimilarity between subject and object facilitates online-comprehension of agent–patient–relations in German: An eye-tracking study with 6- to 10-year-old monolingual children. Lingua. In Press: 103110.
Bürsgens, A., Cholewa, J., Mayer, A., & Günther, T. (In Press). Gender dissimilarity between subject and object facilitates online-comprehension of agent–patient–relations in German: An eye-tracking study with 6- to 10-year-old monolingual children. Lingua, 103110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2021.103110
Bürsgens, A., Cholewa, J., Mayer, A., and Günther, T. (In Press). Gender dissimilarity between subject and object facilitates online-comprehension of agent–patient–relations in German: An eye-tracking study with 6- to 10-year-old monolingual children. Lingua:103110.
Bürsgens, A., et al., In Press. Gender dissimilarity between subject and object facilitates online-comprehension of agent–patient–relations in German: An eye-tracking study with 6- to 10-year-old monolingual children. Lingua, : 103110.
A. Bürsgens, et al., “Gender dissimilarity between subject and object facilitates online-comprehension of agent–patient–relations in German: An eye-tracking study with 6- to 10-year-old monolingual children”, Lingua, In Press, : 103110.
Bürsgens, A., Cholewa, J., Mayer, A., Günther, T.: Gender dissimilarity between subject and object facilitates online-comprehension of agent–patient–relations in German: An eye-tracking study with 6- to 10-year-old monolingual children. Lingua. : 103110 (In Press).
Bürsgens, Annika, Cholewa, Jürgen, Mayer, Axel, and Günther, Thomas. “Gender dissimilarity between subject and object facilitates online-comprehension of agent–patient–relations in German: An eye-tracking study with 6- to 10-year-old monolingual children”. Lingua (In Press): 103110.

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