Examining the relation between the subjective and objective social status with health reported needs and health-seeking behaviour in Dande, Angola

Rosário EVN, Severo M, Francisco D, Brito M, Costa D (2021)
BMC Public Health 21(1): 979.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Rosário, Edite Vila Nova; Severo, Milton; Francisco, Diogo; Brito, Miguel; Costa, DiogoUniBi
Abstract / Bemerkung
**Background**
Assessing subjective social status (SSS) may be easily accommodated in the context of a Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS). To our knowledge, no prior studies have examined the association of SSS and health in Angola. Subjective socioeconomic measures may provide a rapid assessment of a relevant social status construct, important for studying health inequalities. In this study, we addressed social determinants of health by examining the relationship between the subjective and objective social status, reported health and healthcare-seeking behaviour. **Methods**
This research results from a cross-sectional study performed during 2015 in the Dande HDSS, in Angola. We tested the application of the MacArthur scale as a measure of SSS in a developing setting, in a sample of 12,246 households. First, we investigated its relation to objective socioeconomic indicators, and then we explored how subjective and objective social status associate with health reported needs and health-seeking behaviour of the surveyed population. Chi-square, ANOVA tests, and Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) Curves analysis were computed for testing relationships between subjective status ladder quartiles, sociodemographic and household characteristics. Logistic regression was used to examine the influence of subjective perception of status in self-reported health and health-seeking behaviour. **Results**
Our findings suggest that the SSS follows a gradient distribution obtained with more objective socioeconomic indicators. Additionally, we found that subjective perception of status influence health needs reporting and health-seeking behaviour and its significant effect remained after controlling for the objective socioeconomic markers. Individuals standing in the second quartile of the social ladder have more odds of reporting illness and those in the highest quartiles of the ladder were twice more likely (OR = 2.23, 95% CI = 1.52–3.26) to seek help from formal health services than those at the bottom of the ladder. **Conclusions**
The MacArthur Scale is a valuable tool to measure SSS in the Dande HDSS, relevant for studying socioeconomic disparities and health inequalities. It is also an easier alternative to traditional measures such as income, usually difficult to measure in developing settings. The social perception of status should be considered as a complement with objective indicators when exploring social determinants of health.
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
BMC Public Health
Band
21
Ausgabe
1
Art.-Nr.
979
eISSN
1471-2458
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2955172

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Rosário EVN, Severo M, Francisco D, Brito M, Costa D. Examining the relation between the subjective and objective social status with health reported needs and health-seeking behaviour in Dande, Angola. BMC Public Health. 2021;21(1): 979.
Rosário, E. V. N., Severo, M., Francisco, D., Brito, M., & Costa, D. (2021). Examining the relation between the subjective and objective social status with health reported needs and health-seeking behaviour in Dande, Angola. BMC Public Health, 21(1), 979. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-11003-4
Rosário, E. V. N., Severo, M., Francisco, D., Brito, M., and Costa, D. (2021). Examining the relation between the subjective and objective social status with health reported needs and health-seeking behaviour in Dande, Angola. BMC Public Health 21:979.
Rosário, E.V.N., et al., 2021. Examining the relation between the subjective and objective social status with health reported needs and health-seeking behaviour in Dande, Angola. BMC Public Health, 21(1): 979.
E.V.N. Rosário, et al., “Examining the relation between the subjective and objective social status with health reported needs and health-seeking behaviour in Dande, Angola”, BMC Public Health, vol. 21, 2021, : 979.
Rosário, E.V.N., Severo, M., Francisco, D., Brito, M., Costa, D.: Examining the relation between the subjective and objective social status with health reported needs and health-seeking behaviour in Dande, Angola. BMC Public Health. 21, : 979 (2021).
Rosário, Edite Vila Nova, Severo, Milton, Francisco, Diogo, Brito, Miguel, and Costa, Diogo. “Examining the relation between the subjective and objective social status with health reported needs and health-seeking behaviour in Dande, Angola”. BMC Public Health 21.1 (2021): 979.

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