Digital media, book reading, and aspects of sleep and sleep-related fears in preschoolers: the Ulm SPATZ Health Study

Ricci C, Schlarb A, Rothenbacher D, Genuneit J (2021)
Somnologie 25: 11-19.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Ricci, Cristian; Schlarb, AngelikaUniBi; Rothenbacher, Dietrich; Genuneit, Jon
Alternativer Titel
Digitale Medien, Lesen von Büchern und Aspekte von Schlaf und schlafbezogenen Ängsten bei Vorschulkindern: die Ulmer SPATZ Gesundheitsstudie
Abstract / Bemerkung
Background High levels of digital media use with screen-based devices has been found to threaten several aspects of child and adolescent health. However, the rapid change in digital media use behavior in our society over the past decade has rendered much of the existing evidence outdated. Materials and methods The present work reports data ascertained from 2016 to 2019 on preschoolers' digital media use and book reading among 4- to 6-year-old children from the longitudinal Ulm SPATZ Health Study. These data are supplemented by exploring the association of child digital media use and book reading with aspects of children's sleep and sleep-related fears. Results After data management, 581 children participated at the age of 4 years. At the ages of 5 and 6 years, data were available for 508 and 426 participants, respectively. Median age of the mothers was 33 years (range 21-54) and 70% had graduated from high school. Most time spent using digital media was represented by passive activities in front of a screen. Time spent using digital media increased with children's age. An increased risk of the fear of sleeping alone (RR: 1.35, [95% CI: 1.07; 1.70]) and fear of the dark (1.47 [95% CI 1.16; 1.87]) was documented for exposure to "all media" higher than the median as compared to lower levels. Exposure to "books" above the median and compared to lower levels was tentatively associated with a relevant 18% reduction in the risk of both fear of sleeping alone and fear of the dark (0.82 [95% CI 0.65; 1.03] and 0.82 [95% CI 0.64; 1.05], respectively). Conclusion Our results suggest that reducing time spent using digital media and potentially substituting this time by reading books, which seem to be a safe alternative, is a valid solution to reduce some common aspects of poor sleep in preschoolers.
Stichworte
Circadian clocks; Questionnaires; Sex; Sleep initiation and maintenance; disorders; Fear
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
Somnologie
Band
25
Seite(n)
11-19
ISSN
1432-9123
eISSN
1439-054X
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2950209

Zitieren

Ricci C, Schlarb A, Rothenbacher D, Genuneit J. Digital media, book reading, and aspects of sleep and sleep-related fears in preschoolers: the Ulm SPATZ Health Study. Somnologie. 2021;25:11-19.
Ricci, C., Schlarb, A., Rothenbacher, D., & Genuneit, J. (2021). Digital media, book reading, and aspects of sleep and sleep-related fears in preschoolers: the Ulm SPATZ Health Study. Somnologie, 25, 11-19. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11818-020-00290-5
Ricci, C., Schlarb, A., Rothenbacher, D., and Genuneit, J. (2021). Digital media, book reading, and aspects of sleep and sleep-related fears in preschoolers: the Ulm SPATZ Health Study. Somnologie 25, 11-19.
Ricci, C., et al., 2021. Digital media, book reading, and aspects of sleep and sleep-related fears in preschoolers: the Ulm SPATZ Health Study. Somnologie, 25, p 11-19.
C. Ricci, et al., “Digital media, book reading, and aspects of sleep and sleep-related fears in preschoolers: the Ulm SPATZ Health Study”, Somnologie, vol. 25, 2021, pp. 11-19.
Ricci, C., Schlarb, A., Rothenbacher, D., Genuneit, J.: Digital media, book reading, and aspects of sleep and sleep-related fears in preschoolers: the Ulm SPATZ Health Study. Somnologie. 25, 11-19 (2021).
Ricci, Cristian, Schlarb, Angelika, Rothenbacher, Dietrich, and Genuneit, Jon. “Digital media, book reading, and aspects of sleep and sleep-related fears in preschoolers: the Ulm SPATZ Health Study”. Somnologie 25 (2021): 11-19.

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