Subjective social mobility, quality of life and mental health of asylum seekers/refugees in Germany

Costa D, Biddle L, Mühling C, Bozorgmehr K (2020)
European Journal of Public Health 30(Supplement_5): ckaa165.832.

Kurzbeitrag Konferenz / Poster | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
Download
Es wurden keine Dateien hochgeladen. Nur Publikationsnachweis!
Autor*in
Costa, DiogoUniBi ; Biddle, L; Mühling, C; Bozorgmehr, KayvanUniBi
Abstract / Bemerkung
**Background**
Changes in the subjective social status (SSS) of migrants, specifically between the pre- and post-migratory movement, can be a relevant determinant of their mental health condition. This study analyzed the effect of downward subjective social mobility to the mental health of asylum seekers and refugees (ASR) in Germany.
**Methods**
Through a random sampling procedure, 560 adult ASR (18+ years) were recruited across 58 collective accommodation centers in Germanys' 3rd largest state (2018). SSS was assessed with the MacArthur social ladder (10-rungs), in reference to the participants' position in the country of origin and in Germany. Quality of Life (QoL, measured with EUROHIS-QOL), anxiety (General Anxiety Disorder-2) and depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire-2), were considered as mental health outcomes. Generalized linear regression models were fitted to measure associations between changes in SSS and each outcome.
**Results**
A loss of 3 or more steps in SSS from origin to Germany (compared to no-change) was significantly associated with poorer scores in QoL (B, standardized coefficient= -2.679, standard error, se = 1.351, p = 0.047), with more symptoms of depression (B = 1.156, se = 0.389, p = 0.003) and anxiety (B = 0.971, se = 0.432, p = 0.025), in models adjusted for SSS in the country of origin. The strength and direction of associations was unaltered after further adjusting for sex, age, educational level and time since arrival, although the coefficient for QoL was non-significant for those declaring a 3-step downward mobility (B= -2.494, se = 1.351, p = 0.066 for QoL; B = 1.048, se = 0.393, p = 0.008 for depression; and B = 1.006, se = 0.438, p = 0.022 for anxiety).
**Discussion**
The results suggest that interventions should focus on those experiencing social downward mobility and not only prioritize individuals with low social status. Early integration efforts and intersectoral measures to counter social downward mobility could prevent poor mental health among ASR.
**Key messages**
- We analysed the impact to the quality of life and mental health of asylum seekers and refugees, of a change in subjective social status from country of origin to Germany. - Asylum seekers and refugees residing in Germany, who perceived a downward social status mobility following their migration process, are at risk for poorer mental health.
Stichworte
Public Health; Environmental and Occupational Health
Erscheinungsjahr
2020
Band
30
Ausgabe
Supplement_5
Art.-Nr.
ckaa165.832
ISSN
1101-1262
eISSN
1464-360X
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2946526

Zitieren

Costa D, Biddle L, Mühling C, Bozorgmehr K. Subjective social mobility, quality of life and mental health of asylum seekers/refugees in Germany. European Journal of Public Health. 2020;30(Supplement_5): ckaa165.832.
Costa, D., Biddle, L., Mühling, C., & Bozorgmehr, K. (2020). Subjective social mobility, quality of life and mental health of asylum seekers/refugees in Germany. European Journal of Public Health, 30(Supplement_5), ckaa165.832. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckaa165.832
Costa, D., Biddle, L., Mühling, C., and Bozorgmehr, K. (2020). Subjective social mobility, quality of life and mental health of asylum seekers/refugees in Germany. European Journal of Public Health 30:ckaa165.832.
Costa, D., et al., 2020. Subjective social mobility, quality of life and mental health of asylum seekers/refugees in Germany. European Journal of Public Health, 30(Supplement_5): ckaa165.832.
D. Costa, et al., “Subjective social mobility, quality of life and mental health of asylum seekers/refugees in Germany”, European Journal of Public Health, vol. 30, 2020, : ckaa165.832.
Costa, D., Biddle, L., Mühling, C., Bozorgmehr, K.: Subjective social mobility, quality of life and mental health of asylum seekers/refugees in Germany. European Journal of Public Health. 30, : ckaa165.832 (2020).
Costa, Diogo, Biddle, L, Mühling, C, and Bozorgmehr, Kayvan. “Subjective social mobility, quality of life and mental health of asylum seekers/refugees in Germany”. European Journal of Public Health 30.Supplement_5 (2020): ckaa165.832.

Export

Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

Dieser Datensatz im Web of Science®

Suchen in

Google Scholar