Bimodal modulation of background activity in an identified descending interneuron

Lepreux G, Haupt S, Dürr V (2019)
Journal of neurophysiology.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | E-Veröff. vor dem Druck| Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
In the absence of any obvious input, sensory neurons and interneurons can display resting or spontaneous activity. This is often regarded as noise and removed through trial averaging, although it may reflect history-dependent modulation of tuning or fidelity and, thus, be of functional relevance to downstream interneurons. Here, we investigate the history-dependence of spontaneous activity in a pair of identified, bimodal descending interneurons of the stick insect, called contralateral ON-type velocity-sensitive interneurons (cONv). The bilateral pair of cONv conveys antennal mechanosensory information to the thoracic ganglia, where it arborises in regions containing locomtor networks. Each cONv encodes the movement velocity of the contralateral antenna, but also substrate vibration as induced by discrete tapping events. Moreover, cONv displays highly fluctuating spontaneous activity that can reach rates similar to those during antennal movement at moderate velocities. Hence, cONv offers a unique opportunity to study history-dependent effects on spontaneous activity and, thus, encoding fidelity in two modalities. Here, we study unimodal and cross-modal effects as well as unilateral and bilateral effects, using bilateral recordings of both cONv neurons, while moving one antenna and/or delivering taps to induce substrate vibration. Tapping could reduce spontaneous activity of both neurons, whereas antennal movement reduced spontaneous activity of the contralateral cONv neuron only. Combination of both modalities showed a cooperative effect for some parameter constellations, suggesting bimodal enhancement. Since both stimulus modalities could cause a reduction of spontaneous activity at stimulus intensities occurring during natural locomotion, we conclude that this should enhance neuronal response fidelity during locomotion.
Erscheinungsjahr
2019
Zeitschriftentitel
Journal of neurophysiology
eISSN
1522-1598
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2937749

Zitieren

Lepreux G, Haupt S, Dürr V. Bimodal modulation of background activity in an identified descending interneuron. Journal of neurophysiology. 2019.
Lepreux, G., Haupt, S., & Dürr, V. (2019). Bimodal modulation of background activity in an identified descending interneuron. Journal of neurophysiology. doi:10.1152/jn.00864.2018
Lepreux, G., Haupt, S., and Dürr, V. (2019). Bimodal modulation of background activity in an identified descending interneuron. Journal of neurophysiology.
Lepreux, G., Haupt, S., & Dürr, V., 2019. Bimodal modulation of background activity in an identified descending interneuron. Journal of neurophysiology.
G. Lepreux, S. Haupt, and V. Dürr, “Bimodal modulation of background activity in an identified descending interneuron”, Journal of neurophysiology, 2019.
Lepreux, G., Haupt, S., Dürr, V.: Bimodal modulation of background activity in an identified descending interneuron. Journal of neurophysiology. (2019).
Lepreux, Gaetan, Haupt, Stephan, and Dürr, Volker. “Bimodal modulation of background activity in an identified descending interneuron”. Journal of neurophysiology (2019).

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