Immigration, Social Networks and Occupational Mismatch

Alaverdyan S, Zaharieva A (2019) Universität Bielefeld Working Papers in Economics and Management; 04-2019.
Bielefeld: Bielefeld University, Department of Business Administration and Economics.

Diskussionspapier | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
Download
OA 750.99 KB
Autor/in
;
Abstract / Bemerkung
In this study we investigate the link between the job search channels that workers use to find employment and the probability of occupational mismatch in the new job. Our specific focus is on differences between native and immigrant workers. We use data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) over the period 2000-2014. First, we document that referral hiring via social networks is the most frequent single channel of generating jobs in Germany; in relative terms referrals are used more frequently by immigrant workers compared to natives. Second, our data reveals that referral hiring is associated with the highest rate of occupational mismatch among all channels in Germany. We combine these findings and use them to develop a theoretical search and matching model with two ethnic groups of workers (natives and immigrants), two search channels (formal and referral hiring) and two occupations. When modeling social networks we take into account ethnic and professional homophily in the link formation. Our model predicts that immigrant workers face stronger risk of unemployment and often rely on recommendations from their friends and relatives as a channel of last resort. Furthermore, higher rates of referral hiring produce more frequent occupational mismatch of the immigrant population compared to natives. We test this prediction empirically and confirm that more intensive network hiring contributes significantly to higher rates of occupational mismatch among immigrants. Finally, we document that the gaps in the incidence of referrals and mismatch rates are reduced among second generation immigrants indicating some degree of integration in the German labour market.
Stichworte
job search; referrals; social networks; occupational mismatch; immigration
Erscheinungsjahr
2019
Band
04-2019
ISSN
2196-2723
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2934697

Zitieren

Alaverdyan S, Zaharieva A. Immigration, Social Networks and Occupational Mismatch. Universität Bielefeld Working Papers in Economics and Management. Vol 04-2019. Bielefeld: Bielefeld University, Department of Business Administration and Economics; 2019.
Alaverdyan, S., & Zaharieva, A. (2019). Immigration, Social Networks and Occupational Mismatch (Universität Bielefeld Working Papers in Economics and Management, 04-2019). Bielefeld: Bielefeld University, Department of Business Administration and Economics. doi:10.4119/unibi/2934697
Alaverdyan, S., and Zaharieva, A. (2019). Immigration, Social Networks and Occupational Mismatch. Universität Bielefeld Working Papers in Economics and Management, 04-2019, Bielefeld: Bielefeld University, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
Alaverdyan, S., & Zaharieva, A., 2019. Immigration, Social Networks and Occupational Mismatch, Universität Bielefeld Working Papers in Economics and Management, no.04-2019, Bielefeld: Bielefeld University, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
S. Alaverdyan and A. Zaharieva, Immigration, Social Networks and Occupational Mismatch, Universität Bielefeld Working Papers in Economics and Management, vol. 04-2019, Bielefeld: Bielefeld University, Department of Business Administration and Economics, 2019.
Alaverdyan, S., Zaharieva, A.: Immigration, Social Networks and Occupational Mismatch. Universität Bielefeld Working Papers in Economics and Management, 04-2019. Bielefeld University, Department of Business Administration and Economics, Bielefeld (2019).
Alaverdyan, Sevak, and Zaharieva, Anna. Immigration, Social Networks and Occupational Mismatch. Bielefeld: Bielefeld University, Department of Business Administration and Economics, 2019. Universität Bielefeld Working Papers in Economics and Management. 04-2019.
Alle Dateien verfügbar unter der/den folgenden Lizenz(en):
Copyright Statement:
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. [...]
Volltext(e)
Name
Access Level
OA Open Access
Zuletzt Hochgeladen
2019-09-06T09:19:06Z
MD5 Prüfsumme
41a021766b25c6283913a596e5d6e6eb

Export

Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Suchen in

Google Scholar