Sleep disturbances and mental strain in university students: results from an online survey in Luxembourg and Germany

Schlarb A, Claßen M, Grünwald J, Vögele C (2017)
International Journal of Mental Health Systems 11: 24.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Objectives This study examined the prevalence of sleep disturbances and mental strain in students from two European countries, Luxembourg and Germany. Methods A total of 2831 students took part in an online survey, with 2777 students from Germany and 184 students from Luxembourg. Sleep disturbances were assessed with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and aspects of mental strain using the Patient Health Questionnaire, the Social-Interactive-Anxiety Scale, the self-efficacy questionnaire and the test anxiety questionnaire. In addition, we also assessed students’ chronotypes. Results Across the whole sample mean scores on the sleep questionnaires were above the cut-off for clinically relevant sleep problems, indicating an increased prevalence of sleep disturbances in students from both countries. Sleep quality was impaired in 42.8%, and 17.9% showed clinically relevant scores. Overall 25.5% reported elevated depression and 13.3% social phobia symptoms, while 45% indicated elevated stress levels. Sleep quality, daytime sleepiness, chronotype, depression scores, stress levels, test anxiety, and self-efficacy differed significantly between men and women, but there were no differences between countries. Conclusions Sleep disturbances and mental strain in students are common, with the current results replicating previous findings. Students from Luxembourg and Germany are affected equally.
Stichworte
Sleep; Depression; Stress; European students; Mental health
Erscheinungsjahr
2017
Zeitschriftentitel
International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Band
11
Art.-Nr.
24
ISSN
1752-4458
Finanzierungs-Informationen
Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Open Access Publication Fund of Bielefeld University.
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2909572

Zitieren

Schlarb A, Claßen M, Grünwald J, Vögele C. Sleep disturbances and mental strain in university students: results from an online survey in Luxembourg and Germany. International Journal of Mental Health Systems. 2017;11: 24.
Schlarb, A., Claßen, M., Grünwald, J., & Vögele, C. (2017). Sleep disturbances and mental strain in university students: results from an online survey in Luxembourg and Germany. International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 11, 24. doi:10.1186/s13033-017-0131-9
Schlarb, A., Claßen, M., Grünwald, J., and Vögele, C. (2017). Sleep disturbances and mental strain in university students: results from an online survey in Luxembourg and Germany. International Journal of Mental Health Systems 11:24.
Schlarb, A., et al., 2017. Sleep disturbances and mental strain in university students: results from an online survey in Luxembourg and Germany. International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 11: 24.
A. Schlarb, et al., “Sleep disturbances and mental strain in university students: results from an online survey in Luxembourg and Germany”, International Journal of Mental Health Systems, vol. 11, 2017, : 24.
Schlarb, A., Claßen, M., Grünwald, J., Vögele, C.: Sleep disturbances and mental strain in university students: results from an online survey in Luxembourg and Germany. International Journal of Mental Health Systems. 11, : 24 (2017).
Schlarb, Angelika, Claßen, Merle, Grünwald, Julia, and Vögele, Claus. “Sleep disturbances and mental strain in university students: results from an online survey in Luxembourg and Germany”. International Journal of Mental Health Systems 11 (2017): 24.
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