On the correlation of binary sequences

Ahlswede R, Cassaigne J, Sarközy A (2008)
DISCRETE APPLIED MATHEMATICS 156(9): 1478-1487.

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Autor/in
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Einrichtung
Abstract / Bemerkung
In a series of papers Mauduit and Sarkozy (partly with further coauthors) studied finite pseudorandom binary sequences. In particular, one of the most important applications of pseudorandomness is cryptography. If, e.g., we want to use a binary sequence E-N is an element of {-1, +1}(N) (after transforming it into a bit sequence) as a key stream in the standard Vernam cipher [A. Menezes, P van Oorschot, R. Vanstone, Handbook of Applied Cryptography, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1997], then E-N must possess certain pseudorandom properties. Does E-N need to possess both small well-distribution measure and, for any fixed small k, small correlation measure of order k? In other words, if W (E-N) is large, resp. C-k(E-N) is large for some fixed small k, then can the enemy utilize this fact to break the code? The most natural line of attack is the exhaustive search: the attacker may try all the binary sequences E-N is an element of {-1, +1}(N) with large W (E-N), resp. large C-k(E-N), as a potential key stream. Clearly, this attack is really threatening only if the number of sequences E-N is an element of {-1, +1}(N) with (i) large W (E-N), resp. (ii) large C-k(E-N) is "much less" than the total number 2(N) of sequences in {-1, +1}(N), besides one needs a fast algorithm to generate the sequences of type (i), resp. (ii). The case (i) is easy, thus, for the sake of completeness, here we just present an estimate for the number of sequences E-N with large W(E-N). The case (ii), i.e., the case of large correlation is much more interesting: this case will be studied in Section 2. In Section 3 we will sharpen the results of Section 2 in the special case when the order of the correlation is 2. Finally, in Section 4 we will study a lemma, which plays a crucial role in the estimation of the correlation in some of the most important constructions of pseudorandom binary sequences. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Stichworte
finite pseudorandom binary sequences
Erscheinungsjahr
2008
Band
156
Ausgabe
9
Seite(n)
1478-1487
ISSN
0166-218X
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/1587909

Zitieren

Ahlswede R, Cassaigne J, Sarközy A. On the correlation of binary sequences. DISCRETE APPLIED MATHEMATICS. 2008;156(9):1478-1487.
Ahlswede, R., Cassaigne, J., & Sarközy, A. (2008). On the correlation of binary sequences. DISCRETE APPLIED MATHEMATICS, 156(9), 1478-1487. doi:10.1016/j.dam.2006.11.021
Ahlswede, R., Cassaigne, J., and Sarközy, A. (2008). On the correlation of binary sequences. DISCRETE APPLIED MATHEMATICS 156, 1478-1487.
Ahlswede, R., Cassaigne, J., & Sarközy, A., 2008. On the correlation of binary sequences. DISCRETE APPLIED MATHEMATICS, 156(9), p 1478-1487.
R. Ahlswede, J. Cassaigne, and A. Sarközy, “On the correlation of binary sequences”, DISCRETE APPLIED MATHEMATICS, vol. 156, 2008, pp. 1478-1487.
Ahlswede, R., Cassaigne, J., Sarközy, A.: On the correlation of binary sequences. DISCRETE APPLIED MATHEMATICS. 156, 1478-1487 (2008).
Ahlswede, Rudolf, Cassaigne, J., and Sarközy, Andras. “On the correlation of binary sequences”. DISCRETE APPLIED MATHEMATICS 156.9 (2008): 1478-1487.

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