Patterned person-situation fit in daily life: Examining magnitudes, stabilities, and correlates of trait-situation and state-situation fit

Rauthmann J, Sherman RA (2022)
European Journal of Personality.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | E-Veröff. vor dem Druck | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Rauthmann, JohnUniBi; Sherman, Ryne A.
Abstract / Bemerkung
Person-situation fit can be operationalized as within-person associations between profiles of personality traits and situation characteristics (trait-situation fit) as well as personality states and situation characteristics (state-situation fit). We provide an initial examination of basic properties (magnitudes, individual differences, reliabilities, intercorrelations), short-term stability (across weeks), and nomological correlates of overall and distinctive profile-level person-situation fits. In a real-life, multi-method multi-occasion design (N = 204-209), we obtained data on participants' traits (self- and informant-reported) as well as, at four time-points from their everyday lives, on situation characteristics (self- and coder-reported) and states (self-reported). Profile scores (q-correlations) were computed across 35 cognate items between the CAQ (traits), RSQ (situations), and RBQ (states). Our descriptive and exploratory findings indicated that trait-situation and state-situation fits were sizable (overall more so than distinctive forms), and that there were substantial individual differences, which were only modestly stable during a short period and had some plausible nomological correlates (i.e., lower depression and neuroticism, but higher psychological well-being and happiness) that were driven mainly by normativity. Most findings replicated across measurement sources (self- vs. other-reports). Person-situation fit concepts, once further corroborated, could further personality-psychological research.
Stichworte
personality; traits; situations; states; profile analysis; fit
Erscheinungsjahr
2022
Zeitschriftentitel
European Journal of Personality
ISSN
0890-2070
eISSN
1099-0984
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2964339

Zitieren

Rauthmann J, Sherman RA. Patterned person-situation fit in daily life: Examining magnitudes, stabilities, and correlates of trait-situation and state-situation fit. European Journal of Personality. 2022.
Rauthmann, J., & Sherman, R. A. (2022). Patterned person-situation fit in daily life: Examining magnitudes, stabilities, and correlates of trait-situation and state-situation fit. European Journal of Personality. https://doi.org/10.1177/08902070221104636
Rauthmann, J., and Sherman, R. A. (2022). Patterned person-situation fit in daily life: Examining magnitudes, stabilities, and correlates of trait-situation and state-situation fit. European Journal of Personality.
Rauthmann, J., & Sherman, R.A., 2022. Patterned person-situation fit in daily life: Examining magnitudes, stabilities, and correlates of trait-situation and state-situation fit. European Journal of Personality.
J. Rauthmann and R.A. Sherman, “Patterned person-situation fit in daily life: Examining magnitudes, stabilities, and correlates of trait-situation and state-situation fit”, European Journal of Personality, 2022.
Rauthmann, J., Sherman, R.A.: Patterned person-situation fit in daily life: Examining magnitudes, stabilities, and correlates of trait-situation and state-situation fit. European Journal of Personality. (2022).
Rauthmann, John, and Sherman, Ryne A. “Patterned person-situation fit in daily life: Examining magnitudes, stabilities, and correlates of trait-situation and state-situation fit”. European Journal of Personality (2022).

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