Spontaneous Trait Inferences From Behavior: A Systematic Meta-Analysis

Bott A, Brockmann L, Denneberg I, Henken E, Kuper N, Kruse F, Degner J (2022)
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin: 1461672221100336.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | E-Veröff. vor dem Druck | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Bott, Antonia; Brockmann, Larissa; Denneberg, Ivo; Henken, Espen; Kuper, NiclasUniBi; Kruse, Felix; Degner, Juliane
Abstract / Bemerkung
Research suggests that people spontaneously infer traits from behavioral information, thus forming impressions of actors' personalities. Such spontaneous trait inferences (STI) have been examined in a wide range of studies in the last four decades. Here, we provide the first systematic meta-analysis of this vast literature. We included data from k = 86 publications, with overall N = 13,630 participants. The average STI effect was moderate to large (dz = 0.59) and showed substantial heterogeneity. The type of experimental paradigm significantly moderated the STI effect size, with larger effects in long-term memory-based paradigms compared with working memory-based paradigms. Generally, STI effects were robust to various methodological variations and also to potential concerns of publication bias. Contrary to expectations, cultural background (independent vs. interdependent) did not emerge as a significant moderator of STI effects. We discuss these findings with respect to their theoretical relevance and derive implications for future research and theorizing.
Erscheinungsjahr
2022
Zeitschriftentitel
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Art.-Nr.
1461672221100336
eISSN
1552-7433
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2964177

Zitieren

Bott A, Brockmann L, Denneberg I, et al. Spontaneous Trait Inferences From Behavior: A Systematic Meta-Analysis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 2022: 1461672221100336.
Bott, A., Brockmann, L., Denneberg, I., Henken, E., Kuper, N., Kruse, F., & Degner, J. (2022). Spontaneous Trait Inferences From Behavior: A Systematic Meta-Analysis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1461672221100336. https://doi.org/10.1177/01461672221100336
Bott, A., Brockmann, L., Denneberg, I., Henken, E., Kuper, N., Kruse, F., and Degner, J. (2022). Spontaneous Trait Inferences From Behavior: A Systematic Meta-Analysis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin:1461672221100336.
Bott, A., et al., 2022. Spontaneous Trait Inferences From Behavior: A Systematic Meta-Analysis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, : 1461672221100336.
A. Bott, et al., “Spontaneous Trait Inferences From Behavior: A Systematic Meta-Analysis”, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 2022, : 1461672221100336.
Bott, A., Brockmann, L., Denneberg, I., Henken, E., Kuper, N., Kruse, F., Degner, J.: Spontaneous Trait Inferences From Behavior: A Systematic Meta-Analysis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. : 1461672221100336 (2022).
Bott, Antonia, Brockmann, Larissa, Denneberg, Ivo, Henken, Espen, Kuper, Niclas, Kruse, Felix, and Degner, Juliane. “Spontaneous Trait Inferences From Behavior: A Systematic Meta-Analysis”. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin (2022): 1461672221100336.

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