Role of positive mental health in reducing fears related to COVID-19 and general anxiety disorder in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Mahmood QK, Sohail MM, Qureshi WA, Zakar R, Wrona KJ, Fischer F (2022)
BMC Psychology 10: 163.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Mahmood, Qaisar Khalid; Sohail, Malik Muhammad; Qureshi, Waheed Ahmad; Zakar, Rubeena; Wrona, Kamil J.UniBi ; Fischer, Florian
Abstract / Bemerkung
**Background**
The outbreak of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has posed multiple challenges to healthcare systems. Evidence suggests that mental well-being is badly affected due to compliance with preventative measures in containing the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aims to explore the role of positive mental health (subjective sense of wellbeing) to cope with fears related to COVID-19 and general anxiety disorder in the Pashtun community in Pakistan. **Methods**
A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 501 respondents from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa participating in an online-based study. We performed correlational analysis, hierarchical linear regression and structural equational modeling (SEM) to analyze the role of mental health in reducing fears and general anxiety disorder. **Results**
The results of the SEM show that positive mental health has direct effects in reducing the fear related to COVID-19 (β = − 0.244, p < 0.001) and general anxiety (β = − 0.210, p < 0.001). Fears of COVID-19 has a direct effect on increasing general anxiety (β = 0.480). In addition, positive mental health also has an indirect effect (β = − 0.117, p < 0.001) on general anxiety (R2 = 0.32, p < 0.001) through reducing fear of coronavirus. **Conclusion**
Based on these findings, there is a need to develop community health policies emphasizing on promotive and preventive mental health strategies for people practicing social/physical distancing.
Erscheinungsjahr
2022
Zeitschriftentitel
BMC Psychology
Band
10
Art.-Nr.
163
eISSN
2050-7283
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2964085

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Mahmood QK, Sohail MM, Qureshi WA, Zakar R, Wrona KJ, Fischer F. Role of positive mental health in reducing fears related to COVID-19 and general anxiety disorder in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. BMC Psychology. 2022;10: 163.
Mahmood, Q. K., Sohail, M. M., Qureshi, W. A., Zakar, R., Wrona, K. J., & Fischer, F. (2022). Role of positive mental health in reducing fears related to COVID-19 and general anxiety disorder in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. BMC Psychology, 10, 163. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40359-022-00869-7
Mahmood, Q. K., Sohail, M. M., Qureshi, W. A., Zakar, R., Wrona, K. J., and Fischer, F. (2022). Role of positive mental health in reducing fears related to COVID-19 and general anxiety disorder in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. BMC Psychology 10:163.
Mahmood, Q.K., et al., 2022. Role of positive mental health in reducing fears related to COVID-19 and general anxiety disorder in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. BMC Psychology, 10: 163.
Q.K. Mahmood, et al., “Role of positive mental health in reducing fears related to COVID-19 and general anxiety disorder in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan”, BMC Psychology, vol. 10, 2022, : 163.
Mahmood, Q.K., Sohail, M.M., Qureshi, W.A., Zakar, R., Wrona, K.J., Fischer, F.: Role of positive mental health in reducing fears related to COVID-19 and general anxiety disorder in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. BMC Psychology. 10, : 163 (2022).
Mahmood, Qaisar Khalid, Sohail, Malik Muhammad, Qureshi, Waheed Ahmad, Zakar, Rubeena, Wrona, Kamil J., and Fischer, Florian. “Role of positive mental health in reducing fears related to COVID-19 and general anxiety disorder in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan”. BMC Psychology 10 (2022): 163.

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