Data Publication for: Effort−Reward Imbalance at Work and Prescription Drug Misuse - Prospective Evidence from Germany

Sattler S, von dem Knesebeck O (2022)
Bielefeld University.

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Sattler, SebastianUniBi ; von dem Knesebeck, Olaf
Abstract / Bemerkung
This study examines how work stress affects the misuse of prescription drugs to augment mental performance without medical necessity (i.e., cognitive enhancement). Based on the effort−reward imbalance model, it can be assumed that a misalignment of effort exerted and rewards received increases prescription drug misuse, especially if employees overcommit. To test these assump-tions, we conducted a prospective study using a nationwide web-based sample of the working population in Germany (N = 11,197). Effort, reward, and overcommitment were measured at t1 and the 12 month frequency of prescription drug misuse for enhancing cognitive performance was measured at a one-year follow-up (t2). The results show that 2.6% of the respondents engaged in such drug misuse, of which 22.7% reported frequent misuse. While we found no overall associa-tion between misuse frequency and effort, reward, or their imbalance, overcommitment was sig-nificantly associated with a higher misuse frequency. Moreover, at low levels of overcommitment, more effort and an effort−reward imbalance discouraged future prescription drug misuse, while higher overcommitment, more effort, and an imbalance increased it. These findings suggest that a stressful work environment is a risk factor for health-endangering behavior, and thereby under-lines the importance of identifying groups at risk of misusing drugs.
Stichworte
prescription drug misuse; cognitive enhancement; effort−reward imbalance; stress; overcommit-ment
Erscheinungsjahr
2022
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2963964

Zitieren

Sattler S, von dem Knesebeck O. Data Publication for: Effort−Reward Imbalance at Work and Prescription Drug Misuse - Prospective Evidence from Germany. Bielefeld University; 2022.
Sattler, S., & von dem Knesebeck, O. (2022). Data Publication for: Effort−Reward Imbalance at Work and Prescription Drug Misuse - Prospective Evidence from Germany. Bielefeld University. https://doi.org/10.4119/unibi/2963964
Sattler, S., and von dem Knesebeck, O. (2022). Data Publication for: Effort−Reward Imbalance at Work and Prescription Drug Misuse - Prospective Evidence from Germany. Bielefeld University.
Sattler, S., & von dem Knesebeck, O., 2022. Data Publication for: Effort−Reward Imbalance at Work and Prescription Drug Misuse - Prospective Evidence from Germany, Bielefeld University.
S. Sattler and O. von dem Knesebeck, Data Publication for: Effort−Reward Imbalance at Work and Prescription Drug Misuse - Prospective Evidence from Germany, Bielefeld University, 2022.
Sattler, S., von dem Knesebeck, O.: Data Publication for: Effort−Reward Imbalance at Work and Prescription Drug Misuse - Prospective Evidence from Germany. Bielefeld University (2022).
Sattler, Sebastian, and von dem Knesebeck, Olaf. Data Publication for: Effort−Reward Imbalance at Work and Prescription Drug Misuse - Prospective Evidence from Germany. Bielefeld University, 2022.
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Effort–Reward Imbalance at Work and Prescription Drug Misuse - Prospective Evidence from Germany
Sattler S, von dem Knesebeck O (2022)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19(13): 7632.

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