Clinical and Computerized Volumetric Analysis of Posterior Fossa Decompression for Space-Occupying Cerebellar Infarction

Goulin Lippi Fernandes E, Ridwan S, Greeve I, Schäbitz W-R, Grote A, Simon M (2022)
Frontiers in Neurology 13: 840212.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Goulin Lippi Fernandes, Eric; Ridwan, Sami; Greeve, IsabellUniBi; Schäbitz, Wolf-RüdigerUniBi; Grote, Alexander; Simon, Matthias
Abstract / Bemerkung
Background and Purpose: Surgical decompression of the posterior fossa is often performed in cases with a space-occupying cerebellar infarction to prevent coma and death. In this study, we analyzed our institutional experience with this condition. We specifically attempted to address timing issues and investigated the role of cerebellar necrosectomy using imaging data and conducting volumetric analyses.; Methods: We retrospectively studied pertinent clinical and imaging data, including computerized volumetric analyses (preoperative/postoperative infarction volume, necrosectomy volume, and posterior fossa volume), from all 49 patients who underwent posterior fossa decompression surgery for cerebellar infarction in our department from January 2012 to January 2021.; Results: Thirty-five (71%) patients had a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of 14-15 at admission vs. only 14 (29%) before vs. 41 (84%) following surgery. Seven (14%) patients had preventive surgery (initial GCS 14-15, preoperative GCS change ≤ 1). Only 18 (37%) patients had an mRS score of 0-3 at discharge. Estimated overall survival was 70.5% at 1 year. Interestingly, 18/20 (90%) surviving cases had a modified Rankin Scale (mRS) outcome of 0-3 (mRS 0-2: 12/20 [60%]) 1 year after surgery. Surgical timing, including preventive surgery and mass effect of the infarct, in the posterior fossa assessed semi-quantitatively (Kirollos grade) and with volumetric parameters that were not predictive of the patients' (functional) outcomes.; Conclusion: Posterior fossa decompression for cerebellar infarction is a life-saving procedure, but rapid recovery of the GCS after surgery does not necessarily translate into good functional outcome. Many patients died during follow-up, but long-term mRS outcomes of 4-5 are rare. Surgery should probably aim primarily at pressure relief, and our clinical as well as volumetric data suggest that the impact of removing an infarcted tissue may be limited. It is presumably relatively safe to initially withhold surgery in cases with a GCS of 14-15. Copyright © 2022 Goulin Lippi Fernandes, Ridwan, Greeve, Schabitz, Grote and Simon.
Erscheinungsjahr
2022
Zeitschriftentitel
Frontiers in Neurology
Band
13
Art.-Nr.
840212
eISSN
1664-2295
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2963689

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Goulin Lippi Fernandes E, Ridwan S, Greeve I, Schäbitz W-R, Grote A, Simon M. Clinical and Computerized Volumetric Analysis of Posterior Fossa Decompression for Space-Occupying Cerebellar Infarction. Frontiers in Neurology . 2022;13: 840212.
Goulin Lippi Fernandes, E., Ridwan, S., Greeve, I., Schäbitz, W. - R., Grote, A., & Simon, M. (2022). Clinical and Computerized Volumetric Analysis of Posterior Fossa Decompression for Space-Occupying Cerebellar Infarction. Frontiers in Neurology , 13, 840212. https://doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2022.840212
Goulin Lippi Fernandes, E., Ridwan, S., Greeve, I., Schäbitz, W. - R., Grote, A., and Simon, M. (2022). Clinical and Computerized Volumetric Analysis of Posterior Fossa Decompression for Space-Occupying Cerebellar Infarction. Frontiers in Neurology 13:840212.
Goulin Lippi Fernandes, E., et al., 2022. Clinical and Computerized Volumetric Analysis of Posterior Fossa Decompression for Space-Occupying Cerebellar Infarction. Frontiers in Neurology , 13: 840212.
E. Goulin Lippi Fernandes, et al., “Clinical and Computerized Volumetric Analysis of Posterior Fossa Decompression for Space-Occupying Cerebellar Infarction”, Frontiers in Neurology , vol. 13, 2022, : 840212.
Goulin Lippi Fernandes, E., Ridwan, S., Greeve, I., Schäbitz, W.-R., Grote, A., Simon, M.: Clinical and Computerized Volumetric Analysis of Posterior Fossa Decompression for Space-Occupying Cerebellar Infarction. Frontiers in Neurology . 13, : 840212 (2022).
Goulin Lippi Fernandes, Eric, Ridwan, Sami, Greeve, Isabell, Schäbitz, Wolf-Rüdiger, Grote, Alexander, and Simon, Matthias. “Clinical and Computerized Volumetric Analysis of Posterior Fossa Decompression for Space-Occupying Cerebellar Infarction”. Frontiers in Neurology 13 (2022): 840212.

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