Ear Acupuncture for Alcohol Withdrawal in Comparison With Aromatherapy: A Randomized-Controlled Trial

Kunz S, Schulz M, Lewitzky M, Driessen M, Rau H (2007)
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 31(3): 436-442.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Kunz, Stephanie; Schulz, Michael; Lewitzky, Miriam; Driessen, MartinUniBi ; Rau, Harald
Abstract / Bemerkung
Background: There is increasing clinical acceptance of acupuncture as a treatment of substance-related disorders. Little is known about acupuncture as a treatment for the withdrawal syndrome in inpatient settings. We compared auricular needle acupuncture with aromatherapy in reducing the duration and severity of symptoms of alcohol withdrawal. Methods: Inpatients undergoing alcohol withdrawal were randomly allocated to needle acupuncture (n=55) and aromatherapy (n=54). Both therapies were applied daily during the first 5 consecutive treatment days. The rating scale for the assessment of the alcohol-withdrawal syndrome (AWS scale) served as the main dependent variable and was applied daily during the first 5 days of the withdrawal. Further measures included a subjective visual analog scale of craving and the Self Assessment Manikin (SAM). Results: Thirty-six of the 55 patients who received acupuncture, and 38 of the 54 patients who received aromatherapy, finished the study regularly. The groups differed in their initial self-reported arousal, which then served as a covariate in the further analyses. Neither the extent of craving nor of withdrawal symptoms differed between groups over the observation period. Self-rated arousal decreased in response to both treatments from days 1 to 2 (p<0.001) and within single days (p<0.001), and we found a significant interaction between pretreatment versus posttreatment and days (p<0.001). Interactions including between-subjects effects and intervention did not achieve the significance level. Conclusion: The results do not support the assumption of a superiority of acupuncture over the control therapy in its specific effects on alcohol withdrawal symptoms.
Erscheinungsjahr
2007
Zeitschriftentitel
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Band
31
Ausgabe
3
Seite(n)
436-442
ISSN
0145-6008
eISSN
1530-0277
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2963401

Zitieren

Kunz S, Schulz M, Lewitzky M, Driessen M, Rau H. Ear Acupuncture for Alcohol Withdrawal in Comparison With Aromatherapy: A Randomized-Controlled Trial. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 2007;31(3):436-442.
Kunz, S., Schulz, M., Lewitzky, M., Driessen, M., & Rau, H. (2007). Ear Acupuncture for Alcohol Withdrawal in Comparison With Aromatherapy: A Randomized-Controlled Trial. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 31(3), 436-442. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-0277.2006.00333.x
Kunz, S., Schulz, M., Lewitzky, M., Driessen, M., and Rau, H. (2007). Ear Acupuncture for Alcohol Withdrawal in Comparison With Aromatherapy: A Randomized-Controlled Trial. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 31, 436-442.
Kunz, S., et al., 2007. Ear Acupuncture for Alcohol Withdrawal in Comparison With Aromatherapy: A Randomized-Controlled Trial. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 31(3), p 436-442.
S. Kunz, et al., “Ear Acupuncture for Alcohol Withdrawal in Comparison With Aromatherapy: A Randomized-Controlled Trial”, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, vol. 31, 2007, pp. 436-442.
Kunz, S., Schulz, M., Lewitzky, M., Driessen, M., Rau, H.: Ear Acupuncture for Alcohol Withdrawal in Comparison With Aromatherapy: A Randomized-Controlled Trial. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 31, 436-442 (2007).
Kunz, Stephanie, Schulz, Michael, Lewitzky, Miriam, Driessen, Martin, and Rau, Harald. “Ear Acupuncture for Alcohol Withdrawal in Comparison With Aromatherapy: A Randomized-Controlled Trial”. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 31.3 (2007): 436-442.

4 Zitationen in Europe PMC

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

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Tan JY, Molassiotis A, Wang T, Suen LK., Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2014(), 2014
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Jindal V, Ge A, Mansky PJ., J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol. 30(6), 2008
PMID: 18525459
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Gori L, Firenzuoli F., Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 4(Suppl 1), 2007
PMID: 18227925

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