Childhood trauma and dissociation in patients with alcohol dependence, drug dependence, or both—A multi-center study

Schäfer I, Langeland W, Hissbach J, Luedecke C, Ohlmeier MD, Chodzinski C, Kemper U, Keiper P, Wedekind D, Havemann-Reinecke U, Teunissen S, et al. (2010)
Drug and Alcohol Dependence 109(1-3): 84-89.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Schäfer, Ingo; Langeland, Willemien; Hissbach, Johanna; Luedecke, Christel; Ohlmeier, Martin D.; Chodzinski, Claudia; Kemper, Ulrich; Keiper, Peter; Wedekind, Dirk; Havemann-Reinecke, Ursula; Teunissen, Sybille; Weirich, Steffen
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Background The aims of this study were to examine the level of dissociative symptoms in patients with different substance related disorders (alcohol dependence, drug dependence, and combined alcohol and drug dependence), and to investigate the influence of potentially traumatic events in childhood, age, gender, and posttraumatic stress disorder on the relationship between dissociative symptoms and type of substance abuse. Methods Of the 459 participants (59.7% male) 182 (39.7%) were alcohol-dependent (A), 154 (33.6%) were drug-dependent (D), and 123 (26.8%) were dependent on both, alcohol and drugs (AD) based on the DSM-IV criteria for a current diagnosis. Participants completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES). The International Diagnostics Checklist (IDCL) was administered to diagnose PTSD. Results Higher levels of dissociation were observed in patients with drug dependence as compared to patients with mere alcohol dependence (mean DES group A: 9.9 ± 8.8; group D: 12.9 ± 11.7; group AD: 15.1 ± 11.3). However, when severity of potentially traumatic events in childhood, PTSD, age and gender were included in the analysis, the influence of the type of substance abuse did not prove to be statistically significant. The variable most strongly related to dissociative symptoms was severity of potentially traumatic events in childhood, in particular emotional abuse, even after controlling for PTSD and other potential confounders. Conclusions It seems appropriate to screen SUD patients for dissociative symptoms, especially those with a more complex risk profile including (additional) drug abuse, female gender, younger age and most importantly a history of childhood trauma.
Erscheinungsjahr
2010
Zeitschriftentitel
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Band
109
Ausgabe
1-3
Seite(n)
84-89
ISSN
03768716
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2963381

Zitieren

Schäfer I, Langeland W, Hissbach J, et al. Childhood trauma and dissociation in patients with alcohol dependence, drug dependence, or both—A multi-center study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2010;109(1-3):84-89.
Schäfer, I., Langeland, W., Hissbach, J., Luedecke, C., Ohlmeier, M. D., Chodzinski, C., Kemper, U., et al. (2010). Childhood trauma and dissociation in patients with alcohol dependence, drug dependence, or both—A multi-center study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 109(1-3), 84-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2009.12.012
Schäfer, I., Langeland, W., Hissbach, J., Luedecke, C., Ohlmeier, M. D., Chodzinski, C., Kemper, U., Keiper, P., Wedekind, D., Havemann-Reinecke, U., et al. (2010). Childhood trauma and dissociation in patients with alcohol dependence, drug dependence, or both—A multi-center study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 109, 84-89.
Schäfer, I., et al., 2010. Childhood trauma and dissociation in patients with alcohol dependence, drug dependence, or both—A multi-center study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 109(1-3), p 84-89.
I. Schäfer, et al., “Childhood trauma and dissociation in patients with alcohol dependence, drug dependence, or both—A multi-center study”, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 109, 2010, pp. 84-89.
Schäfer, I., Langeland, W., Hissbach, J., Luedecke, C., Ohlmeier, M.D., Chodzinski, C., Kemper, U., Keiper, P., Wedekind, D., Havemann-Reinecke, U., Teunissen, S., Weirich, S., Driessen, M.: Childhood trauma and dissociation in patients with alcohol dependence, drug dependence, or both—A multi-center study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 109, 84-89 (2010).
Schäfer, Ingo, Langeland, Willemien, Hissbach, Johanna, Luedecke, Christel, Ohlmeier, Martin D., Chodzinski, Claudia, Kemper, Ulrich, Keiper, Peter, Wedekind, Dirk, Havemann-Reinecke, Ursula, Teunissen, Sybille, Weirich, Steffen, and Driessen, Martin. “Childhood trauma and dissociation in patients with alcohol dependence, drug dependence, or both—A multi-center study”. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 109.1-3 (2010): 84-89.

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