Psychometric functioning, socio-demographic variability of childhood maltreatment in the general population and its effects of depression

Schulz A, Schmidt CO, Appel K, Mahler J, Spitzer C, Wingenfeld K, Barnow S, Driessen M, Freyberger HJ, Völzke H, Grabe HJ (2014)
International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research 23(3): 387-400.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Schulz, Andrea; Schmidt, Carsten Oliver; Appel, Katja; Mahler, Jessie; Spitzer, Carsten; Wingenfeld, Katja; Barnow, Sven; Driessen, MartinUniBi ; Freyberger, Harald J.; Völzke, Henry; Grabe, Hans J.
Alternativer Titel
Childhood Maltreatment in the General Population
Abstract / Bemerkung
Maltreatment of children is a major public-health and social-welfare problem but socio-demographic variability has received little attention. This work addresses such variability in a general population cohort and associations with depression. Analyses were based on the cross-sectional SHIP-LEGEND examination among 2265 adults (29–89 years). Childhood maltreatment was multi-dimensionally assessed with the German 28-item Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ): emotional neglect; emotional abuse; physical neglect; physical abuse; sexual abuse. Non-linear associations between CTQ responses and age were assessed with fractional polynomials and cubic splines. Scale properties were analysed with confirmatory factor analyses and item response models. Associations between childhood maltreatment domains and depression [Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II)] were assessed. The majority (58.9%) reported events indicative of at least mild levels of childhood maltreatment. CTQ subscales showed characteristically different non-linear associations to age across the five studied domains, indicating methodological issues like recall bias and the influence of seminal events. Psychometric scale properties were acceptable to good for all subscales except for physical neglect. Associations to depression measures varied systematically across socio-demographic strata. We conclude that socio-demographic variability is a major issue when studying self-reported childhood maltreatment in a community sample. This needs to be taken into account for the study of associations to psychiatric key outcomes. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Erscheinungsjahr
2014
Zeitschriftentitel
International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Band
23
Ausgabe
3
Seite(n)
387-400
ISSN
10498931
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2963354

Zitieren

Schulz A, Schmidt CO, Appel K, et al. Psychometric functioning, socio-demographic variability of childhood maltreatment in the general population and its effects of depression. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research. 2014;23(3):387-400.
Schulz, A., Schmidt, C. O., Appel, K., Mahler, J., Spitzer, C., Wingenfeld, K., Barnow, S., et al. (2014). Psychometric functioning, socio-demographic variability of childhood maltreatment in the general population and its effects of depression. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 23(3), 387-400. https://doi.org/10.1002/mpr.1447
Schulz, A., Schmidt, C. O., Appel, K., Mahler, J., Spitzer, C., Wingenfeld, K., Barnow, S., Driessen, M., Freyberger, H. J., Völzke, H., et al. (2014). Psychometric functioning, socio-demographic variability of childhood maltreatment in the general population and its effects of depression. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research 23, 387-400.
Schulz, A., et al., 2014. Psychometric functioning, socio-demographic variability of childhood maltreatment in the general population and its effects of depression. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 23(3), p 387-400.
A. Schulz, et al., “Psychometric functioning, socio-demographic variability of childhood maltreatment in the general population and its effects of depression”, International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, vol. 23, 2014, pp. 387-400.
Schulz, A., Schmidt, C.O., Appel, K., Mahler, J., Spitzer, C., Wingenfeld, K., Barnow, S., Driessen, M., Freyberger, H.J., Völzke, H., Grabe, H.J.: Psychometric functioning, socio-demographic variability of childhood maltreatment in the general population and its effects of depression. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research. 23, 387-400 (2014).
Schulz, Andrea, Schmidt, Carsten Oliver, Appel, Katja, Mahler, Jessie, Spitzer, Carsten, Wingenfeld, Katja, Barnow, Sven, Driessen, Martin, Freyberger, Harald J., Völzke, Henry, and Grabe, Hans J. “Psychometric functioning, socio-demographic variability of childhood maltreatment in the general population and its effects of depression”. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research 23.3 (2014): 387-400.

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