Critical masses and gender diversity in voluntary sport leadership: The role of economic and social state-level factors

Lesch L, Kerwin S, Thormann T, Wicker P (2022)
Sustainability 14: 6208.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Gender equality in leadership positions is important for sport organizations to achieve economic and social sustainability. Based on a multi-level framework, this study examines spillover effects from economic and social state-level factors in sport organizations’ environment on critical masses of women on their boards (in terms of share and numbers) and board gender diversity (reflected by different types of boards). Data of national and regional sport governing bodies in Germany were collected (n = 930), with variables capturing organizational characteristics (e.g., board composition) and economic and social factors at the state level. The results of regression analyses show that women’s attainment in tertiary education increases the likelihood of a critical mass of at least 30% women on the board, and a higher divorce rate increases the likelihood of a critical mass of three women on the board. Sport organizations in states with a higher gender wage gap are more likely to have balanced boards, indicating that volunteering might be a substitute to paid work. The findings suggest that the presence of women in sport leadership is affected by economic and social conditions in the organizations’ geographical surroundings and that spillover effects occur from the state level to the organizational level.
Stichworte
leisure-time sports; critical mass; board gender diversity; sport governance; multi-level model; macro-economic factors
Erscheinungsjahr
2022
Zeitschriftentitel
Sustainability
Band
14
Art.-Nr.
6208
eISSN
2071-1050
Finanzierungs-Informationen
Open-Access-Publikationskosten wurden durch die Universität Bielefeld gefördert.
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2963123

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Lesch L, Kerwin S, Thormann T, Wicker P. Critical masses and gender diversity in voluntary sport leadership: The role of economic and social state-level factors. Sustainability. 2022;14: 6208.
Lesch, L., Kerwin, S., Thormann, T., & Wicker, P. (2022). Critical masses and gender diversity in voluntary sport leadership: The role of economic and social state-level factors. Sustainability, 14, 6208. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14106208
Lesch, L., Kerwin, S., Thormann, T., and Wicker, P. (2022). Critical masses and gender diversity in voluntary sport leadership: The role of economic and social state-level factors. Sustainability 14:6208.
Lesch, L., et al., 2022. Critical masses and gender diversity in voluntary sport leadership: The role of economic and social state-level factors. Sustainability, 14: 6208.
L. Lesch, et al., “Critical masses and gender diversity in voluntary sport leadership: The role of economic and social state-level factors”, Sustainability, vol. 14, 2022, : 6208.
Lesch, L., Kerwin, S., Thormann, T., Wicker, P.: Critical masses and gender diversity in voluntary sport leadership: The role of economic and social state-level factors. Sustainability. 14, : 6208 (2022).
Lesch, Lara, Kerwin, Shannon, Thormann, Tim, and Wicker, Pamela. “Critical masses and gender diversity in voluntary sport leadership: The role of economic and social state-level factors”. Sustainability 14 (2022): 6208.
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2022-05-23T11:05:40Z
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