Exploring the weight bias of professionals working in the field of obesity with a mobile IAT: a pilot study

Jungnickel T, von Jan U, Engeli S, Albrecht U-V (2022)
Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism 13: 20420188221098881.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Jungnickel, Tobias; von Jan, Ute; Engeli, Stefan; Albrecht, Urs-VitoUniBi
Abstract / Bemerkung
Background:Obesity is common in many industrialized nations and often accompanied by related health issues. Furthermore, individuals living with overweight or obesity are often confronted with stigmatization in their daily lives. These problems may be aggravated if the objectivity of health care professionals is compromised due to (unconscious) prejudices. If pharmaceutical companies, regulatory agencies, and health insurers are also susceptible to these biases, decisions related to the development, approval, and reimbursement of obesity-related therapies may be negatively impacted.Materials and Methods:The ?Implicit Association Test? (IAT) is a psychometric test allowing to measure these attitudes and could therefore assist to reveal unconscious preferences. A self-developed mobile version, in the form of a ResearchKit-based IAT app was employed in the presented study. The objective was to determine (potential) weight bias and its characteristics for professionals attending a national obesity-related conference in Germany (G1), compared to a control group (without stated interest in the topic, G2) ? both using the mobile app ? and a historical control (G3) based on data provided by Project Implicit acquired by a web app.Results:Explicit evaluations of G1 were neutral at a higher percentage compared with G2 and G3, while implicit preference toward lean individuals did not differ significantly between G2 and G3, and G1.Conclusion:The greater discrepancy between the (more neutral) explicit attitude and the unconscious preference pointing in the anti-obesity direction could indicate an underestimated bias for the professional participants in G1. Implicit preference is often ingrained from childhood on, and difficult to overcome. Thus, even for professionals, it may unconsciously influence decisions made in the care they provide. Professionals in any given health care sector directed at obesity care should thus be made aware of this inconsistency to enable them to consciously counteract this potential effect.
Erscheinungsjahr
2022
Zeitschriftentitel
Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism
Band
13
Seite(n)
20420188221098881
ISSN
2042-0188
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2963120

Zitieren

Jungnickel T, von Jan U, Engeli S, Albrecht U-V. Exploring the weight bias of professionals working in the field of obesity with a mobile IAT: a pilot study. Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism . 2022;13:20420188221098881.
Jungnickel, T., von Jan, U., Engeli, S., & Albrecht, U. - V. (2022). Exploring the weight bias of professionals working in the field of obesity with a mobile IAT: a pilot study. Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism , 13, 20420188221098881. https://doi.org/10.1177/20420188221098881
Jungnickel, T., von Jan, U., Engeli, S., and Albrecht, U. - V. (2022). Exploring the weight bias of professionals working in the field of obesity with a mobile IAT: a pilot study. Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism 13, 20420188221098881.
Jungnickel, T., et al., 2022. Exploring the weight bias of professionals working in the field of obesity with a mobile IAT: a pilot study. Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism , 13, p 20420188221098881.
T. Jungnickel, et al., “Exploring the weight bias of professionals working in the field of obesity with a mobile IAT: a pilot study”, Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism , vol. 13, 2022, pp. 20420188221098881.
Jungnickel, T., von Jan, U., Engeli, S., Albrecht, U.-V.: Exploring the weight bias of professionals working in the field of obesity with a mobile IAT: a pilot study. Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism . 13, 20420188221098881 (2022).
Jungnickel, Tobias, von Jan, Ute, Engeli, Stefan, and Albrecht, Urs-Vito. “Exploring the weight bias of professionals working in the field of obesity with a mobile IAT: a pilot study”. Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism 13 (2022): 20420188221098881.
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