First Impressions of Faces of Refugees Are More Strongly Influenced by Target Cues and Perceiver Attitudes Than by Sheer Group Affiliation

Stecker J, Bürkner PC, Hellmann J, Nestler S, Back MD (2021)
Collabra: Psychology 7(1).

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Stecker, Joscha; Bürkner, Paul C.; Hellmann, JensUniBi ; Nestler, Steffen; Back, Mitja D.
Abstract / Bemerkung
The importance of first impressions for various intrapersonal, social and societal outcomes is well established. First impressions towards refugees as individual members of one of the most heatedly discussed social groups in Western societies should play a key role in facilitating or impeding successful social integration. However, this issue is currently underexplored. To help understand first impressions towards refugee individuals, we conducted two studies, in which German perceivers (total N = 938) evaluated 60 (Study 1) or 48 (Study 2) male target photos of Western individuals (presented as Germans) and Middle Eastern individuals (presented as refugees). In Study 2, we included information about targets’ religious affiliations (Christian, Muslim) and religiousness (weakly religious, devout). Targets’ facial characteristics (physical attractiveness, smiling) were coded, and perceiver attitudes (right-wing authoritarianism, social dominance orientation, right-wing political ideology) were assessed. Results showed (a) no overall devaluation of refugees or Muslims, (b) strong effects of target attractiveness and smiling on evaluations across individuals of different group affiliations, (c) strong effects of perceiver attitudes towards refugees and Muslims, and (d) no interactive effects of perceiver attitudes and target cues on evaluations. It is important to note that these results should not be interpreted as any doubt about the profound experiences of discrimination and prejudices faced by minorities such as refugees. Instead, they underline the utility of an individual differences approach to better understand the circumstances under which devaluations of minoritized individuals suchs as refugees are amplified or reduced.
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
Collabra: Psychology
Band
7
Ausgabe
1
eISSN
2474-7394
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2962892

Zitieren

Stecker J, Bürkner PC, Hellmann J, Nestler S, Back MD. First Impressions of Faces of Refugees Are More Strongly Influenced by Target Cues and Perceiver Attitudes Than by Sheer Group Affiliation. Collabra: Psychology. 2021;7(1).
Stecker, J., Bürkner, P. C., Hellmann, J., Nestler, S., & Back, M. D. (2021). First Impressions of Faces of Refugees Are More Strongly Influenced by Target Cues and Perceiver Attitudes Than by Sheer Group Affiliation. Collabra: Psychology, 7(1). https://doi.org/10.1525/collabra.22160
Stecker, J., Bürkner, P. C., Hellmann, J., Nestler, S., and Back, M. D. (2021). First Impressions of Faces of Refugees Are More Strongly Influenced by Target Cues and Perceiver Attitudes Than by Sheer Group Affiliation. Collabra: Psychology 7.
Stecker, J., et al., 2021. First Impressions of Faces of Refugees Are More Strongly Influenced by Target Cues and Perceiver Attitudes Than by Sheer Group Affiliation. Collabra: Psychology, 7(1).
J. Stecker, et al., “First Impressions of Faces of Refugees Are More Strongly Influenced by Target Cues and Perceiver Attitudes Than by Sheer Group Affiliation”, Collabra: Psychology, vol. 7, 2021.
Stecker, J., Bürkner, P.C., Hellmann, J., Nestler, S., Back, M.D.: First Impressions of Faces of Refugees Are More Strongly Influenced by Target Cues and Perceiver Attitudes Than by Sheer Group Affiliation. Collabra: Psychology. 7, (2021).
Stecker, Joscha, Bürkner, Paul C., Hellmann, Jens, Nestler, Steffen, and Back, Mitja D. “First Impressions of Faces of Refugees Are More Strongly Influenced by Target Cues and Perceiver Attitudes Than by Sheer Group Affiliation”. Collabra: Psychology 7.1 (2021).

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