What are the reasons for refusing a COVID-19 vaccine? A qualitative analysis of social media in Germany

Fieselmann J, Annac K, Erdsiek F, Yilmaz-Aslan Y, Brzoska P (2022)
BMC Public Health 22(1): 846.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Fieselmann, Jana; Annac, Kubra; Erdsiek, Fabian; Yilmaz-Aslan, YüceUniBi; Brzoska, Patrick
Abstract / Bemerkung
BACKGROUND: Vaccination against COVID-19 has been available in Germany since December 2020. However, about 30% of the population report not wanting to be vaccinated. In order to increase the willingness of the population to get vaccinated, data on the acceptance of vaccination and its influencing factors are necessary. Little is known about why individuals refuse the COVID-19 vaccination. The aim of this study was to investigate the reasons leading to rejecting vaccination, based on posts from three social media sites.; METHODS: The German-language versions of Instagram, Twitter and YouTube were searched regarding negative attitudes towards COVID-19 vaccination. Data was extracted until a saturation effect could be observed. The data included posts created from January 20, 2020 to May 2, 2021. This time frame roughly covers the period from the first reports of the spread of SARS-CoV-2 up to the generalavailability of vaccines against COVID-19 in Germany. We used an interpretive thematic approach to analyze the data and to inductively generate codes, subcategories and categories.; RESULTS: Based on 333 posts written by 323 contributing users, we identified six main categories of reasons for refusing a COVID-19 vaccination: Low perceived benefit of vaccination, low perceived risk of contracting COVID-19, health concerns, lack of information, systemic mistrust and spiritual or religious reasons. The analysis reveals a lack of information among users and the spread of misinformation with regard to COVID-19 and vaccination. Users feel inadequately informed about vaccination or do not understand the information available. These information gaps may be related to information not being sufficiently sensitive to the needs of the target group. In addition to limited information for the general population, misinformation on the internet can also be an important reason for refusing vaccination.; CONCLUSIONS: The study emphasizes the relevance of providing trustworthy and quality-assured information on COVID-19 and COVID-19 vaccination to all population groups. In addition, vaccinations should be easily accessible in order to promote the population's willingness to be vaccinated. © 2022. The Author(s).
Erscheinungsjahr
2022
Zeitschriftentitel
BMC Public Health
Band
22
Ausgabe
1
Art.-Nr.
846
eISSN
1471-2458
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2962820

Zitieren

Fieselmann J, Annac K, Erdsiek F, Yilmaz-Aslan Y, Brzoska P. What are the reasons for refusing a COVID-19 vaccine? A qualitative analysis of social media in Germany. BMC Public Health . 2022;22(1): 846.
Fieselmann, J., Annac, K., Erdsiek, F., Yilmaz-Aslan, Y., & Brzoska, P. (2022). What are the reasons for refusing a COVID-19 vaccine? A qualitative analysis of social media in Germany. BMC Public Health , 22(1), 846. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-13265-y
Fieselmann, J., Annac, K., Erdsiek, F., Yilmaz-Aslan, Y., and Brzoska, P. (2022). What are the reasons for refusing a COVID-19 vaccine? A qualitative analysis of social media in Germany. BMC Public Health 22:846.
Fieselmann, J., et al., 2022. What are the reasons for refusing a COVID-19 vaccine? A qualitative analysis of social media in Germany. BMC Public Health , 22(1): 846.
J. Fieselmann, et al., “What are the reasons for refusing a COVID-19 vaccine? A qualitative analysis of social media in Germany”, BMC Public Health , vol. 22, 2022, : 846.
Fieselmann, J., Annac, K., Erdsiek, F., Yilmaz-Aslan, Y., Brzoska, P.: What are the reasons for refusing a COVID-19 vaccine? A qualitative analysis of social media in Germany. BMC Public Health . 22, : 846 (2022).
Fieselmann, Jana, Annac, Kubra, Erdsiek, Fabian, Yilmaz-Aslan, Yüce, and Brzoska, Patrick. “What are the reasons for refusing a COVID-19 vaccine? A qualitative analysis of social media in Germany”. BMC Public Health 22.1 (2022): 846.

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