The Fused Methionine Sulfoxide Reductase MsrAB Promotes Oxidative Stress Defense and Bacterial Virulence in Fusobacterium nucleatum

Scheible M, Nguyen CT, Luong TT, Lee JH, Chen Y-W, Chang C, Wittchen M, Camacho MI, Tiner BL, Wu C, Tauch A, et al. (2022)
mBio: e03022-21.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | E-Veröff. vor dem Druck | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Scheible, Matthew; Nguyen, Cuong T; Luong, Truc Thanh; Lee, Ju Huck; Chen, Yi-Wei; Chang, Chungyu; Wittchen, ManuelUniBi ; Camacho, Martha I; Tiner, Bethany L; Wu, Chenggang; Tauch, AndreasUniBi; Das, Asis
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Fusobacterium nucleatum, an anaerobic Gram-negative bacterium frequently found in the human oral cavity and some extra-oral sites, is implicated in several important diseases: periodontitis, adverse pregnancy outcomes, and colorectal cancer. To date, how this obligate anaerobe copes with oxidative stress and host immunity within multiple human tissues remains unknown. Here, we uncovered a critical role in this process of a multigene locus encoding a single, fused methionine sulfoxide reductase (MsrAB), a two-component signal transduction system (ModRS), and thioredoxin (Trx)- and cytochrome c (CcdA)-like proteins, which are induced when fusobacterial cells are exposed to hydrogen peroxide. Comparative transcriptome analysis revealed that the response regulator ModR regulates a large regulon that includes trx, ccdA, and many metabolic genes. Significantly, specific mutants of the msrAB locus, including msrAB, are sensitive to reactive oxygen species and defective in adherence/invasion of colorectal epithelial cells. Strikingly, the msrAB mutant is also defective in survival in macrophages, and it is severely attenuated in virulence in a mouse model of preterm birth, consistent with its failure to spread to the amniotic fluid and colonize the placenta. Clearly, the MsrAB system regulated by the two-component system ModRS represents a major oxidative stress defense pathway that protects fusobacteria against oxidative damage in immune cells and confers virulence by enabling attachment and invasion of multiple target tissues. IMPORTANCE F. nucleatum colonizes various human tissues, including oral cavity, placenta, and colon. How this obligate anaerobe withstands oxidative stress in host immune cells has not been described. We report here that F. nucleatum possesses a five-gene locus encoding a fused methionine sulfoxide reductase (MsrAB), a two-component signal transduction system (ModRS), and thioredoxin- and cytochrome c-like proteins. Regulated by ModRS, MsrAB is essential for resistance to reactive oxygen species, adherence/invasion of colorectal epithelial cells, and survival in macrophage. Unable to colonize placenta and spread to amniotic fluid, the msrAB mutant failed to induce preterm birth in a murine model.
Erscheinungsjahr
2022
Zeitschriftentitel
mBio
Art.-Nr.
e03022-21
eISSN
2150-7511
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2962518

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Scheible M, Nguyen CT, Luong TT, et al. The Fused Methionine Sulfoxide Reductase MsrAB Promotes Oxidative Stress Defense and Bacterial Virulence in Fusobacterium nucleatum. mBio. 2022: e03022-21.
Scheible, M., Nguyen, C. T., Luong, T. T., Lee, J. H., Chen, Y. - W., Chang, C., Wittchen, M., et al. (2022). The Fused Methionine Sulfoxide Reductase MsrAB Promotes Oxidative Stress Defense and Bacterial Virulence in Fusobacterium nucleatum. mBio, e03022-21. https://doi.org/10.1128/mbio.03022-21
Scheible, M., Nguyen, C. T., Luong, T. T., Lee, J. H., Chen, Y. - W., Chang, C., Wittchen, M., Camacho, M. I., Tiner, B. L., Wu, C., et al. (2022). The Fused Methionine Sulfoxide Reductase MsrAB Promotes Oxidative Stress Defense and Bacterial Virulence in Fusobacterium nucleatum. mBio:e03022-21.
Scheible, M., et al., 2022. The Fused Methionine Sulfoxide Reductase MsrAB Promotes Oxidative Stress Defense and Bacterial Virulence in Fusobacterium nucleatum. mBio, : e03022-21.
M. Scheible, et al., “The Fused Methionine Sulfoxide Reductase MsrAB Promotes Oxidative Stress Defense and Bacterial Virulence in Fusobacterium nucleatum”, mBio, 2022, : e03022-21.
Scheible, M., Nguyen, C.T., Luong, T.T., Lee, J.H., Chen, Y.-W., Chang, C., Wittchen, M., Camacho, M.I., Tiner, B.L., Wu, C., Tauch, A., Das, A., Ton-That, H.: The Fused Methionine Sulfoxide Reductase MsrAB Promotes Oxidative Stress Defense and Bacterial Virulence in Fusobacterium nucleatum. mBio. : e03022-21 (2022).
Scheible, Matthew, Nguyen, Cuong T, Luong, Truc Thanh, Lee, Ju Huck, Chen, Yi-Wei, Chang, Chungyu, Wittchen, Manuel, Camacho, Martha I, Tiner, Bethany L, Wu, Chenggang, Tauch, Andreas, Das, Asis, and Ton-That, Hung. “The Fused Methionine Sulfoxide Reductase MsrAB Promotes Oxidative Stress Defense and Bacterial Virulence in Fusobacterium nucleatum”. mBio (2022): e03022-21.

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