Effectiveness of a multi-component community-based care approach for older people at risk of care dependency - results of a prospective quasi-experimental study

Hasemann L, Lampe D, Nebling T, Thiem U, von Renteln-Kruse W, Greiner W (2022)
BMC Geriatrics 22(1): 348.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Hasemann, LenaUniBi ; Lampe, DavidUniBi ; Nebling, Thomas; Thiem, Ulrich; von Renteln-Kruse, Wolfgang; Greiner, WolfgangUniBi
Abstract / Bemerkung
**Background**
Due to demographic changes, the elderly population in western countries is constantly growing. As the risk of functional decline and multimorbidity increases with age, health care systems need to face the challenge of high demand for health care services and related costs. Therefore, innovative health care approaches and geriatric screenings are needed to provide individualised care. This study aims to expand the state of research by investigating the effectiveness of a multi-component care approach for the elderly in a German community setting. **Methods**
A prospective, quasi-experimental study was initiated by statutory health insurance (SHI) companies. The innovative care approach includes a geriatric assessment, a case and network management as well as digital supporting tools and was implemented at the Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology (Albertinen Haus, Hamburg-Eimsbuettel). Participants of the intervention were compared to matched controls recruited in comparable urban areas. The primary outcome measure was the progression in long-term care grade during the period of observation (21 months), which was analysed on the basis of SHI claims data. Secondary endpoints were morbidity, mortality and self-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measured by SF-36. **Results**
Overall, 2,670 patients (intervention group (IG) n=873; control group (CG) n=1,797) were analysed. Logistic regression analysis showed no statistically significant difference in progression of long-term care grade between IG and CG (Odds Ratio (OR)=1.054; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.856-1.296; p-value=0.616). Differentiated analyses indicated an initial effect, which might be attributable to the geriatric assessment. However, an adapted regression model resulted in a reversed but even non-significant effect (OR=0.945; 95% CI 0.757-1.177; p-value=0.619). While secondary analyses of long-term care grade, mortality and HRQoL did not show intervention effects, a statistically significant relative change of 0.865 (95% CI 0.780, 0.960; p-value=0.006) in morbidity indicated a potential benefit for the IG. **Conclusions**
The analyses did not reveal a significant effect of the community-based intervention on the primary outcome and thus we are not able to recommend a transfer into SHI standard care. Tendencies in secondary analyses need to be proved in further research.
Erscheinungsjahr
2022
Zeitschriftentitel
BMC Geriatrics
Band
22
Ausgabe
1
Art.-Nr.
348
eISSN
1471-2318
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2962504

Zitieren

Hasemann L, Lampe D, Nebling T, Thiem U, von Renteln-Kruse W, Greiner W. Effectiveness of a multi-component community-based care approach for older people at risk of care dependency - results of a prospective quasi-experimental study. BMC Geriatrics. 2022;22(1): 348.
Hasemann, L., Lampe, D., Nebling, T., Thiem, U., von Renteln-Kruse, W., & Greiner, W. (2022). Effectiveness of a multi-component community-based care approach for older people at risk of care dependency - results of a prospective quasi-experimental study. BMC Geriatrics, 22(1), 348. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-022-02923-w
Hasemann, L., Lampe, D., Nebling, T., Thiem, U., von Renteln-Kruse, W., and Greiner, W. (2022). Effectiveness of a multi-component community-based care approach for older people at risk of care dependency - results of a prospective quasi-experimental study. BMC Geriatrics 22:348.
Hasemann, L., et al., 2022. Effectiveness of a multi-component community-based care approach for older people at risk of care dependency - results of a prospective quasi-experimental study. BMC Geriatrics, 22(1): 348.
L. Hasemann, et al., “Effectiveness of a multi-component community-based care approach for older people at risk of care dependency - results of a prospective quasi-experimental study”, BMC Geriatrics, vol. 22, 2022, : 348.
Hasemann, L., Lampe, D., Nebling, T., Thiem, U., von Renteln-Kruse, W., Greiner, W.: Effectiveness of a multi-component community-based care approach for older people at risk of care dependency - results of a prospective quasi-experimental study. BMC Geriatrics. 22, : 348 (2022).
Hasemann, Lena, Lampe, David, Nebling, Thomas, Thiem, Ulrich, von Renteln-Kruse, Wolfgang, and Greiner, Wolfgang. “Effectiveness of a multi-component community-based care approach for older people at risk of care dependency - results of a prospective quasi-experimental study”. BMC Geriatrics 22.1 (2022): 348.

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