Analysis of flavonol regulator evolution in the Brassicaceae reveals MYB12, MYB111 and MYB21 duplications associated with MYB11 and MYB24 gene loss

Schilbert H, Glover BJ (2022)
bioRxiv.

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Schilbert, HannaUniBi; Glover, Beverley J.
Abstract / Bemerkung
Background: Flavonols are the largest subgroup of flavonoids, possessing multiple functions in plants including protection against ultraviolet radiation, antimicrobial activities, and flower pigmentation together with anthocyanins. They are of agronomical and economical importance because the major off-taste component in rapeseed protein isolates is a flavonol derivative, which limits rapeseed protein use for human consumption. Flavonol production in Arabidopsis thaliana is mainly regulated by the subgroup 7 (SG7) R2R3 MYB transcription factors MYB11, MYB12, and MYB111. Recently, the SG19 MYBs MYB21, MYB24, and MYB57 were shown to regulate flavonol accumulation in pollen and stamens. The members of each subgroup are closely related, showing gene redundancy and tissue-specific expression in A. thaliana. However, the evolution of these flavonol regulators inside the Brassicaceae, especially inside the Brassiceae, which include the rapeseed crop species, is not fully understood. Results: We studied the SG7 and SG19 MYBs in 44 species, including 31 species of the Brassicaceae, by phylogenetic analyses followed by synteny and gene expression analyses. Thereby we identified a deep MYB12 and MYB111 duplication inside the Brassicaceae, which likely occurred before the divergence of Brassiceae and Thelypodieae. These duplications of SG7 members were followed by the loss of MYB11 after the divergence of Eruca vesicaria from the remaining Brassiceae species. Similarly, MYB21 experienced duplication before the emergence of the Brassiceae family, where the gene loss of MYB24 is also proposed to have happened. Due to the overlapping spatio-temporal expression patterns of the SG7 and SG19 MYB members in B. napus, the loss of MYB11 and MYB24 is likely to be compensated by the remaining homologs. Conclusions: We identified a duplication of MYB12, MYB111, and MYB21 inside the Brassicaceae which is associated with MYB11 and MYB24 gene loss inside the tribe Brassiceae. We propose that gene redundancy and meso-polyploidization events have shaped the evolution of the flavonol regulators in the Brassicaceae, especially in the Brassiceae.
Erscheinungsjahr
2022
Zeitschriftentitel
bioRxiv
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https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2962321

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Schilbert H, Glover BJ. Analysis of flavonol regulator evolution in the Brassicaceae reveals MYB12, MYB111 and MYB21 duplications associated with MYB11 and MYB24 gene loss. bioRxiv. 2022.
Schilbert, H., & Glover, B. J. (2022). Analysis of flavonol regulator evolution in the Brassicaceae reveals MYB12, MYB111 and MYB21 duplications associated with MYB11 and MYB24 gene loss. bioRxiv. https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.04.06.487363
Schilbert, H., and Glover, B. J. (2022). Analysis of flavonol regulator evolution in the Brassicaceae reveals MYB12, MYB111 and MYB21 duplications associated with MYB11 and MYB24 gene loss. bioRxiv.
Schilbert, H., & Glover, B.J., 2022. Analysis of flavonol regulator evolution in the Brassicaceae reveals MYB12, MYB111 and MYB21 duplications associated with MYB11 and MYB24 gene loss. bioRxiv.
H. Schilbert and B.J. Glover, “Analysis of flavonol regulator evolution in the Brassicaceae reveals MYB12, MYB111 and MYB21 duplications associated with MYB11 and MYB24 gene loss”, bioRxiv, 2022.
Schilbert, H., Glover, B.J.: Analysis of flavonol regulator evolution in the Brassicaceae reveals MYB12, MYB111 and MYB21 duplications associated with MYB11 and MYB24 gene loss. bioRxiv. (2022).
Schilbert, Hanna, and Glover, Beverley J. “Analysis of flavonol regulator evolution in the Brassicaceae reveals MYB12, MYB111 and MYB21 duplications associated with MYB11 and MYB24 gene loss”. bioRxiv (2022).
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Preprint: 10.1101/2022.04.06.487363

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