Time point- and plant part-specific changes in phloem exudate metabolites of leaves and ears of wheat in response to drought and effects on aphids

Stallmann J, Pons C, Schweiger R, Müller C (2022)
PLoS ONE 17(1): 0262671.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Alterations in the frequency and intensity of drought events are expected due to climate change and might have consequences for plant metabolism and the development of plant antagonists. In this study, the responses of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum) and one of its major pests, the aphid Sitobion avenae, to different drought regimes were investigated, considering different time points and plant parts. Plants were kept well-watered or subjected to either continuous or pulsed drought. Phloem exudates were collected twice from leaves and once from ears during the growth period and concentrations of amino acids, organic acids and sugars were determined. Population growth and survival of the aphid S. avenae were monitored on these plant parts. Relative concentrations of metabolites in the phloem exudates varied with the time point, the plant part as well as the irrigation regime. Pronounced increases in relative concentrations were found for proline, especially in pulsed drought-stressed plants. Moreover, relative concentrations of sucrose were lower in phloem exudates of ears than in those of leaves. The population growth and survival of aphids were decreased on plants subjected to drought and populations grew twice as large on ears compared to leaves. Our study revealed that changes in irrigation frequency and intensity modulate plant-aphid interactions. These effects may at least partly be mediated by changes in the metabolic composition of the phloem sap.
Erscheinungsjahr
2022
Zeitschriftentitel
PLoS ONE
Band
17
Ausgabe
1
Art.-Nr.
0262671
eISSN
1932-6203
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2960847

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Stallmann J, Pons C, Schweiger R, Müller C. Time point- and plant part-specific changes in phloem exudate metabolites of leaves and ears of wheat in response to drought and effects on aphids. PLoS ONE . 2022;17(1): 0262671.
Stallmann, J., Pons, C., Schweiger, R., & Müller, C. (2022). Time point- and plant part-specific changes in phloem exudate metabolites of leaves and ears of wheat in response to drought and effects on aphids. PLoS ONE , 17(1), 0262671. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0262671
Stallmann, J., Pons, C., Schweiger, R., and Müller, C. (2022). Time point- and plant part-specific changes in phloem exudate metabolites of leaves and ears of wheat in response to drought and effects on aphids. PLoS ONE 17:0262671.
Stallmann, J., et al., 2022. Time point- and plant part-specific changes in phloem exudate metabolites of leaves and ears of wheat in response to drought and effects on aphids. PLoS ONE , 17(1): 0262671.
J. Stallmann, et al., “Time point- and plant part-specific changes in phloem exudate metabolites of leaves and ears of wheat in response to drought and effects on aphids”, PLoS ONE , vol. 17, 2022, : 0262671.
Stallmann, J., Pons, C., Schweiger, R., Müller, C.: Time point- and plant part-specific changes in phloem exudate metabolites of leaves and ears of wheat in response to drought and effects on aphids. PLoS ONE . 17, : 0262671 (2022).
Stallmann, Jana, Pons, Caroline, Schweiger, Rabea, and Müller, Caroline. “Time point- and plant part-specific changes in phloem exudate metabolites of leaves and ears of wheat in response to drought and effects on aphids”. PLoS ONE 17.1 (2022): 0262671.

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