Loneliness as a mediator of social relationships and health-related quality of life among refugees living in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Belau M, Becher H, Krämer A (2021)
BMC Public Health 21(1): 2233.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
BACKGROUND: Since 2015, more than one million people fled to Germany - mainly from war-affected countries. Nevertheless, little is known about social determinants in refugees located in Germany. This study aims to test the mediation effect of loneliness between social relationships, comprising social integration and social support, and health-related quality of life among refugees living in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.; METHODS: The investigation utilizes data from the FlueGe Health Study (N=326), a cross-sectional study conducted by Bielefeld University. The data was collected between February and November 2018 and included interviews and examinations. Participants were recruited from shared and private accommodation in several cities in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. We first analyzed correlations between social integration, social support, loneliness, and physical and mental component of health-related quality of life. We then conducted mediation analyses using structural equation modeling.; RESULTS: The majority of respondents were socially isolated, perceiving a moderate degree of loneliness and social support. In addition, the physical and mental components of health-related quality of life indicate that participants predominantly experienced mental rather than physical impairments. Results from mediation analyses showed indirect effects of loneliness on the association between social integration and mental health (SS = 0.495, 95% bias-corrected and accelerated confidence interval (BCa CI) = [0.018, 0.972]), and betweensocial support and both physical (SS = 0.022, 95% BCa CI = [0.004, 0.040]) and mental health (SS = 0.067, 95% BCa CI = [0.037, 0.097]).; CONCLUSIONS: Loneliness played a mediating role in the association between social relationships and health-related quality of life among refugees living in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The results provide implications for both, health policy and the host society. © 2021. The Author(s).
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
BMC Public Health
Band
21
Ausgabe
1
Art.-Nr.
2233
eISSN
1471-2458
Finanzierungs-Informationen
Open-Access-Publikationskosten wurden durch die Universität Bielefeld gefördert.
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2959868

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Belau M, Becher H, Krämer A. Loneliness as a mediator of social relationships and health-related quality of life among refugees living in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. BMC Public Health . 2021;21(1): 2233.
Belau, M., Becher, H., & Krämer, A. (2021). Loneliness as a mediator of social relationships and health-related quality of life among refugees living in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. BMC Public Health , 21(1), 2233. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-12303-5
Belau, Matthias, Becher, Heiko, and Krämer, Alexander. 2021. “Loneliness as a mediator of social relationships and health-related quality of life among refugees living in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany”. BMC Public Health 21 (1): 2233.
Belau, M., Becher, H., and Krämer, A. (2021). Loneliness as a mediator of social relationships and health-related quality of life among refugees living in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. BMC Public Health 21:2233.
Belau, M., Becher, H., & Krämer, A., 2021. Loneliness as a mediator of social relationships and health-related quality of life among refugees living in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. BMC Public Health , 21(1): 2233.
M. Belau, H. Becher, and A. Krämer, “Loneliness as a mediator of social relationships and health-related quality of life among refugees living in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany”, BMC Public Health , vol. 21, 2021, : 2233.
Belau, M., Becher, H., Krämer, A.: Loneliness as a mediator of social relationships and health-related quality of life among refugees living in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. BMC Public Health . 21, : 2233 (2021).
Belau, Matthias, Becher, Heiko, and Krämer, Alexander. “Loneliness as a mediator of social relationships and health-related quality of life among refugees living in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany”. BMC Public Health 21.1 (2021): 2233.
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2022-11-25T13:37:52Z
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