Revisiting the Experiential Effect: How Criminal Offending Affects Juveniles’ Perceptions of Detection Risk

Kaiser F, Huss B, Reinecke J (2022)
Journal of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology 8(1): 47-74.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
Download
Es wurden keine Dateien hochgeladen. Nur Publikationsnachweis!
Autor*in
Kaiser, Florian; Huss, Björn; Reinecke, JostUniBi
Abstract / Bemerkung
**Abstract**
Perceptual deterrence research has consistently found that criminal offending is inversely related to subsequent perceptions of the risk of being caught or arrested. This inverse relationship has been dubbed an “experiential effect,” reflecting the idea that people learn by committing (undetected) crimes that the detection or arrest risk is lower than first feared. The current study explores the validity of this experiential argument. It relies on self-report data from 3,259 adolescent participants in the panel study Crime in the modern City (Duisburg, Germany). We computed detection rates and risk perceptions, and used fixed effects models to investigate the proposed experiential learning process. Most findings support the experiential argument: (1) juvenile offenses were rarely detected by the police, (2) juveniles (especially those inexperienced with crime) tended to overestimate the detection risk, (3) juveniles reduced their risk perceptions when they committed crimes, (4) this reduction occurred primarily among those who overestimated the detection risk in periods when they were not committing crimes. However, the study also produced the surprising finding that the experiential effect seems to be short-lived: people appeared to return to initial risk perception levels when they stopped committing crimes. Overall, the results corroborate the experiential argument. However, they also indicate that the argument may need revision to account for the potential short-term nature of the experiential effect. This “ephemerality effect” is good news for policy, as lowered risk perceptions will in most cases only temporarily increase the likelihood of future delinquency.
Erscheinungsjahr
2022
Zeitschriftentitel
Journal of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology
Band
8
Ausgabe
1
Seite(n)
47-74
ISSN
2199-4641
eISSN
2199-465X
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2959786

Zitieren

Kaiser F, Huss B, Reinecke J. Revisiting the Experiential Effect: How Criminal Offending Affects Juveniles’ Perceptions of Detection Risk. Journal of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology. 2022;8(1):47-74.
Kaiser, F., Huss, B., & Reinecke, J. (2022). Revisiting the Experiential Effect: How Criminal Offending Affects Juveniles’ Perceptions of Detection Risk. Journal of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology, 8(1), 47-74. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40865-021-00186-4
Kaiser, Florian, Huss, Björn, and Reinecke, Jost. 2022. “Revisiting the Experiential Effect: How Criminal Offending Affects Juveniles’ Perceptions of Detection Risk”. Journal of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology 8 (1): 47-74.
Kaiser, F., Huss, B., and Reinecke, J. (2022). Revisiting the Experiential Effect: How Criminal Offending Affects Juveniles’ Perceptions of Detection Risk. Journal of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology 8, 47-74.
Kaiser, F., Huss, B., & Reinecke, J., 2022. Revisiting the Experiential Effect: How Criminal Offending Affects Juveniles’ Perceptions of Detection Risk. Journal of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology, 8(1), p 47-74.
F. Kaiser, B. Huss, and J. Reinecke, “Revisiting the Experiential Effect: How Criminal Offending Affects Juveniles’ Perceptions of Detection Risk”, Journal of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology, vol. 8, 2022, pp. 47-74.
Kaiser, F., Huss, B., Reinecke, J.: Revisiting the Experiential Effect: How Criminal Offending Affects Juveniles’ Perceptions of Detection Risk. Journal of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology. 8, 47-74 (2022).
Kaiser, Florian, Huss, Björn, and Reinecke, Jost. “Revisiting the Experiential Effect: How Criminal Offending Affects Juveniles’ Perceptions of Detection Risk”. Journal of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology 8.1 (2022): 47-74.
Export

Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

Dieser Datensatz im Web of Science®
Suchen in

Google Scholar