Optimism in adults born preterm: Systematic review and individual-participant-data meta-analysis

Robinson RK, Heinonen K, Girchenko P, Lahti-Pulkkinen M, Kajantie E, Hovi P, Lano A, Andersson S, Eriksson JG, Wolke D, Lemola S, et al. (2021)
PloS one 16(11): e0259463.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Robinson, Rachel K; Heinonen, Kati; Girchenko, Polina; Lahti-Pulkkinen, Marius; Kajantie, Eero; Hovi, Petteri; Lano, Aulikki; Andersson, Sture; Eriksson, Johan G; Wolke, Dieter; Lemola, SakariUniBi; Raikkonen, Katri
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Abstract / Bemerkung
AIM: Preterm birth(<37 gestational weeks) is associated with numerous adversities, however, data on positive developmental outcomes remain limited. We examined if preterm and term born(≥37 gestational weeks) adults differ in dispositional optimism/pessimism, a personality trait associated with health and wellbeing. We assessed if birth weight z-score, neurosensory impairments and parental education modified the outcome.; METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed and Web of Science for cohort or case-control studies(born ≥ 1970) with data on gestational age and optimism/pessimism reported using the Life-Orientation-Test-Revised in adulthood(≥18 years). The three identified studies(Helsinki Study of Very Low Birth Weight Adults; Arvo Ylppo Longitudinal Study; Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children) provided data for the two-step random-effects linear regression Individual-Participant-Data meta-analysis.; RESULTS: Preterm and term borns did not differ on optimism(p = 0.76). Preterms scored higher on pessimism than term borns(Mean difference = 0.35, 95%Confidence Interval 0.36, 0.60, p = 0.007), although not after full adjustment. Preterm born participants, but not term born participants, with higher birth weight z-score, had higher optimism scores (0.30 raw score units per standard deviation increase, 95% CI 0.10, 0.49, p = 0.003); preterm vs term x birth weight z-score interaction p = 0.004).; CONCLUSIONS: Preterm and term born adults display similar optimism. In preterms, higher birth weight may foster developmental trajectories promoting more optimistic life orientations.
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
PloS one
Band
16
Ausgabe
11
Art.-Nr.
e0259463
eISSN
1932-6203
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2959619

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Robinson RK, Heinonen K, Girchenko P, et al. Optimism in adults born preterm: Systematic review and individual-participant-data meta-analysis. PloS one. 2021;16(11): e0259463.
Robinson, R. K., Heinonen, K., Girchenko, P., Lahti-Pulkkinen, M., Kajantie, E., Hovi, P., Lano, A., et al. (2021). Optimism in adults born preterm: Systematic review and individual-participant-data meta-analysis. PloS one, 16(11), e0259463. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0259463
Robinson, Rachel K, Heinonen, Kati, Girchenko, Polina, Lahti-Pulkkinen, Marius, Kajantie, Eero, Hovi, Petteri, Lano, Aulikki, et al. 2021. “Optimism in adults born preterm: Systematic review and individual-participant-data meta-analysis”. PloS one 16 (11): e0259463.
Robinson, R. K., Heinonen, K., Girchenko, P., Lahti-Pulkkinen, M., Kajantie, E., Hovi, P., Lano, A., Andersson, S., Eriksson, J. G., Wolke, D., et al. (2021). Optimism in adults born preterm: Systematic review and individual-participant-data meta-analysis. PloS one 16:e0259463.
Robinson, R.K., et al., 2021. Optimism in adults born preterm: Systematic review and individual-participant-data meta-analysis. PloS one, 16(11): e0259463.
R.K. Robinson, et al., “Optimism in adults born preterm: Systematic review and individual-participant-data meta-analysis”, PloS one, vol. 16, 2021, : e0259463.
Robinson, R.K., Heinonen, K., Girchenko, P., Lahti-Pulkkinen, M., Kajantie, E., Hovi, P., Lano, A., Andersson, S., Eriksson, J.G., Wolke, D., Lemola, S., Raikkonen, K.: Optimism in adults born preterm: Systematic review and individual-participant-data meta-analysis. PloS one. 16, : e0259463 (2021).
Robinson, Rachel K, Heinonen, Kati, Girchenko, Polina, Lahti-Pulkkinen, Marius, Kajantie, Eero, Hovi, Petteri, Lano, Aulikki, Andersson, Sture, Eriksson, Johan G, Wolke, Dieter, Lemola, Sakari, and Raikkonen, Katri. “Optimism in adults born preterm: Systematic review and individual-participant-data meta-analysis”. PloS one 16.11 (2021): e0259463.
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