Cognitive Enhancement: Unanswered Questions About Human Psychology and Social Behavior

Racine E, Sattler S, Boehlen W (2021)
Science and Engineering Ethics 27: 19.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Racine, Eric; Sattler, SebastianUniBi ; Boehlen, Wren
Abstract / Bemerkung
Stimulant drugs, transcranial magnetic stimulation, brain-computer interfaces, and even genetic modifications are all discussed as forms of potential cognitive enhancement. Cognitive enhancement can be conceived as a benefit-seeking strategy used by healthy individuals to enhance cognitive abilities such as learning, memory, attention, or vigilance. This phenomenon is hotly debated in the public, professional, and scientific literature. Many of the statements favoring cognitive enhancement (e.g., related to greater productivity and autonomy) or opposing it (e.g., related to health-risks and social expectations) rely on claims about human welfare and human flourishing. But with real-world evidence from the social and psychological sciences often missing to support (or invalidate) these claims, the debate about cognitive enhancement is stalled. In this paper, we describe a set of crucial debated questions about psychological and social aspects of cognitive enhancement (e.g., intrinsic motivation, well-being) and explain why they are of fundamental importance to address in the cognitive enhancement debate and in future research. We propose studies targeting social and psychological outcomes associated with cognitive enhancers (e.g., stigmatization, burnout, mental well-being, work motivation). We also voice a call for scientific evidence, inclusive of but not limited to biological health outcomes, to thoroughly assess the impact of enhancement. This evidence is needed to engage in empirically informed policymaking, as well as to promote the mental and physical health of users and non-users of enhancement.
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
Science and Engineering Ethics
Band
27
Art.-Nr.
19
ISSN
1353-3452
eISSN
1471-5546
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2958155

Zitieren

Racine E, Sattler S, Boehlen W. Cognitive Enhancement: Unanswered Questions About Human Psychology and Social Behavior. Science and Engineering Ethics. 2021;27: 19.
Racine, E., Sattler, S., & Boehlen, W. (2021). Cognitive Enhancement: Unanswered Questions About Human Psychology and Social Behavior. Science and Engineering Ethics, 27, 19. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11948-021-00294-w
Racine, E., Sattler, S., and Boehlen, W. (2021). Cognitive Enhancement: Unanswered Questions About Human Psychology and Social Behavior. Science and Engineering Ethics 27:19.
Racine, E., Sattler, S., & Boehlen, W., 2021. Cognitive Enhancement: Unanswered Questions About Human Psychology and Social Behavior. Science and Engineering Ethics, 27: 19.
E. Racine, S. Sattler, and W. Boehlen, “Cognitive Enhancement: Unanswered Questions About Human Psychology and Social Behavior”, Science and Engineering Ethics, vol. 27, 2021, : 19.
Racine, E., Sattler, S., Boehlen, W.: Cognitive Enhancement: Unanswered Questions About Human Psychology and Social Behavior. Science and Engineering Ethics. 27, : 19 (2021).
Racine, Eric, Sattler, Sebastian, and Boehlen, Wren. “Cognitive Enhancement: Unanswered Questions About Human Psychology and Social Behavior”. Science and Engineering Ethics 27 (2021): 19.
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2021-10-12T11:25:28Z
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