Socioeconomic Factors Associated with Suicidal Behaviors in South Korea: A Systematic Review On The Current State of Evidence

Raschke N, Mohsenpour A, Aschentrup L, Fischer F, Wrona KJ (2022)
BMC Public Health 22: 129.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Raschke, Nicolas; Mohsenpour, AmirUniBi ; Aschentrup, Leona; Fischer, Florian; Wrona, Kamil J.UniBi
Abstract / Bemerkung
Background The economic and human costs of suicide to individuals, families, communities, and society make suicide a major public health problem around the world. Suicide rates in South Korea are among the highest in the world. This paper is the first systematic review investigating socioeconomic risk factors for suicidal behaviors (suicidal ideation, attempted suicides, and completed suicides) in South Korea. Methods We performed a systematic review in Medline and Web of Science. Empirical studies and peer-reviewed articles on the association between individual socioeconomic factors and suicidal behaviors have been included. A total of 53 studies were included in a descriptive synthesis. Results Overall, 35 studies focused on the association between individual socioeconomic factors and suicidal ideation, 16 were related to suicide attempts, while 10 addressed completed suicides. Low income, unemployment, and financial difficulties were identified as risk factors for all suicidal behaviors. Working in precarious conditions, long working hours, self-employment, changes in employment status, shift work/night-time work, and occupational stress were associated with an increased risk for suicidal ideation. Low educational attainment appears to increase the risk for suicide attempts and completed suicide, but the significance of educational attainment on the reporting of suicidal ideation could not be verified. The primary studies were unable to ascertain whether the place of residence impacts on suicidal behaviors. Conclusions The results highlight the relevance of socioeconomic factors for suicidal behaviors in South Korea. Governmental social spending must be increased and redirected more efficiently so that the economically most vulnerable groups are financially protected and income inequality does not widen. Furthermore, comprehensive prevention strategies at the community level are needed. Future research needs to focus on identifying vulnerable groups for whom the effects of low socioeconomic status may have particularly serious consequences with regard to suicidal behaviors.
Stichworte
suicide; suicidal ideation; attempted suicide; completed suicide; SES
Erscheinungsjahr
2022
Zeitschriftentitel
BMC Public Health
Band
22
Art.-Nr.
129
eISSN
1471-2458
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2957519

Zitieren

Raschke N, Mohsenpour A, Aschentrup L, Fischer F, Wrona KJ. Socioeconomic Factors Associated with Suicidal Behaviors in South Korea: A Systematic Review On The Current State of Evidence. BMC Public Health. 2022;22: 129.
Raschke, N., Mohsenpour, A., Aschentrup, L., Fischer, F., & Wrona, K. J. (2022). Socioeconomic Factors Associated with Suicidal Behaviors in South Korea: A Systematic Review On The Current State of Evidence. BMC Public Health, 22, 129. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-12498-1
Raschke, N., Mohsenpour, A., Aschentrup, L., Fischer, F., and Wrona, K. J. (2022). Socioeconomic Factors Associated with Suicidal Behaviors in South Korea: A Systematic Review On The Current State of Evidence. BMC Public Health 22:129.
Raschke, N., et al., 2022. Socioeconomic Factors Associated with Suicidal Behaviors in South Korea: A Systematic Review On The Current State of Evidence. BMC Public Health, 22: 129.
N. Raschke, et al., “Socioeconomic Factors Associated with Suicidal Behaviors in South Korea: A Systematic Review On The Current State of Evidence”, BMC Public Health, vol. 22, 2022, : 129.
Raschke, N., Mohsenpour, A., Aschentrup, L., Fischer, F., Wrona, K.J.: Socioeconomic Factors Associated with Suicidal Behaviors in South Korea: A Systematic Review On The Current State of Evidence. BMC Public Health. 22, : 129 (2022).
Raschke, Nicolas, Mohsenpour, Amir, Aschentrup, Leona, Fischer, Florian, and Wrona, Kamil J. “Socioeconomic Factors Associated with Suicidal Behaviors in South Korea: A Systematic Review On The Current State of Evidence”. BMC Public Health 22 (2022): 129.
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PMID: 35042490
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Preprint: 10.21203/rs.3.rs-861117/v1

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