Sentiment Analysis of Children and Youth Literature: Is There a Pollyanna Effect?

Jacobs AM, Herrmann JB, Lauer G, Lüdtke J, Schroeder S (2020)
Frontiers in Psychology 11.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Jacobs, Arthur M.; Herrmann, J. BerenikeUniBi ; Lauer, Gerhard; Lüdtke, Jana; Schroeder, Sascha
Abstract / Bemerkung
If the words of natural human language possess a universal positivity bias, as assumed by Boucher and Osgood’s (1969) famous Pollyanna hypothesis and computationally confirmed for large text corpora in several languages (Dodds et al., 2015), then children and youth literature (CYL) should also show a Pollyanna effect. Here we tested this prediction applying an unsupervised vector space model-based sentiment analysis tool called SentiArt (Jacobs, 2019) to two CYL corpora, one in English (372 books) and one in German (500 books). Pitching our analysis at the sentence level, and assessing semantic as well as lexico-grammatical information, both corpora show the Pollyanna effect and thus add further evidence to the universality hypothesis. The results of our multivariate sentiment analyses provide interesting testable predictions for future scientific studies of literature. “The 7-year-old child is perfectly familiar with both PRETTY and UGLY but he uses the former much more frequently than the latter.” Boucher and Osgood(1969, p. 7).
Stichworte
Kinder- und Jugendliteratur; Data Science; Digital Humanities
Erscheinungsjahr
2020
Zeitschriftentitel
Frontiers in Psychology
Band
11
eISSN
1664-1078
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2956859

Zitieren

Jacobs AM, Herrmann JB, Lauer G, Lüdtke J, Schroeder S. Sentiment Analysis of Children and Youth Literature: Is There a Pollyanna Effect? Frontiers in Psychology. 2020;11.
Jacobs, A. M., Herrmann, J. B., Lauer, G., Lüdtke, J., & Schroeder, S. (2020). Sentiment Analysis of Children and Youth Literature: Is There a Pollyanna Effect? Frontiers in Psychology, 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.574746
Jacobs, A. M., Herrmann, J. B., Lauer, G., Lüdtke, J., and Schroeder, S. (2020). Sentiment Analysis of Children and Youth Literature: Is There a Pollyanna Effect? Frontiers in Psychology 11.
Jacobs, A.M., et al., 2020. Sentiment Analysis of Children and Youth Literature: Is There a Pollyanna Effect? Frontiers in Psychology, 11.
A.M. Jacobs, et al., “Sentiment Analysis of Children and Youth Literature: Is There a Pollyanna Effect?”, Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 11, 2020.
Jacobs, A.M., Herrmann, J.B., Lauer, G., Lüdtke, J., Schroeder, S.: Sentiment Analysis of Children and Youth Literature: Is There a Pollyanna Effect? Frontiers in Psychology. 11, (2020).
Jacobs, Arthur M., Herrmann, J. Berenike, Lauer, Gerhard, Lüdtke, Jana, and Schroeder, Sascha. “Sentiment Analysis of Children and Youth Literature: Is There a Pollyanna Effect?”. Frontiers in Psychology 11 (2020).
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