Low- and high-temperature study of n-heptane combustion chemistry

Ruwe L, Cai L, Wullenkord J, Schmitt S, Felsmann D, Baroncelli M, Chen B, Moshammer K, Hansen N, Pitsch H, Kohse-Höinghaus K (2021)
Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 38(1): 405-413.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Ruwe, LenaUniBi; Cai, Liming; Wullenkord, JuliaUniBi; Schmitt, SteffenUniBi; Felsmann, Daniel; Baroncelli, Martina; Chen, Bingjie; Moshammer, Kai; Hansen, Nils; Pitsch, Heinz; Kohse-Höinghaus, KatharinaUniBi
Abstract / Bemerkung
n-Heptane has been used extensively in various fundamental combustion experiments as a prototypical hydrocarbon fuel. While the formation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) in n -heptane combustion has been studied preferably in premixed flames, this study aims to investigate the combustion chemistry of n -heptane in less-studied diffusion flame and highly rich high-temperature homogeneous oxidation configurations by using a counterflow burner and a flow reactor, respectively. This work addresses the formation of higher-molecular species in the mass range up to about 160 u in both configurations. Samples are analyzed by time-of-flight (TOF) molecular beam mass spectrometry (MBMS) using electron-impact (EI) and single-photon ionization (PI). Highly resolved speciation data are reported. Laminar flow reactor experiments cover a wide temperature range. Especially the measurements at low temperatures provide speciation data of large oxygenates produced in the low-temperature oxidation of n -heptane, which are scarce in the literature. Important precursor molecules for PAH and soot formation, such as C9H8, C10H8, C11H10, and C12H8, are formed during the high-temperature combustion process in the counterflow flame, while oxygenated growth species are observed under low-temperature conditions, even at the fuel-rich equivalence ratio of phi= 4.00. Numerical modeling for both conditions is performed by using a newly developed kinetic model of n heptane, which includes the n-heptane and PAH formation chemistry with state-of-the-art kinetic knowledge. Good agreement between model predictions and experimental data of counterflow flame and flow reactor is observed for the major species and some intermediates of n-heptane oxidation. While the concentrations of benzene and toluene measured in the counterflow burner are well-reproduced, the numerical results for flow reactor data are not satisfactory. Differences are found between the formation pathways of fulvene, from whose isomerization benzene is produced in diffusion flame and flow reactor. (c) 2020 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Stichworte
n-Heptane; Low-temperature combustion; Molecular-beam mass spectrometry; Aromatics formation; Chemical modeling
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
Proceedings of the Combustion Institute
Band
38
Ausgabe
1
Seite(n)
405-413
ISSN
1540-7489
eISSN
1873-2704
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2956286

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Ruwe L, Cai L, Wullenkord J, et al. Low- and high-temperature study of n-heptane combustion chemistry. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute. 2021;38(1):405-413.
Ruwe, L., Cai, L., Wullenkord, J., Schmitt, S., Felsmann, D., Baroncelli, M., Chen, B., et al. (2021). Low- and high-temperature study of n-heptane combustion chemistry. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 38(1), 405-413. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2020.07.007
Ruwe, L., Cai, L., Wullenkord, J., Schmitt, S., Felsmann, D., Baroncelli, M., Chen, B., Moshammer, K., Hansen, N., Pitsch, H., et al. (2021). Low- and high-temperature study of n-heptane combustion chemistry. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 38, 405-413.
Ruwe, L., et al., 2021. Low- and high-temperature study of n-heptane combustion chemistry. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 38(1), p 405-413.
L. Ruwe, et al., “Low- and high-temperature study of n-heptane combustion chemistry”, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, vol. 38, 2021, pp. 405-413.
Ruwe, L., Cai, L., Wullenkord, J., Schmitt, S., Felsmann, D., Baroncelli, M., Chen, B., Moshammer, K., Hansen, N., Pitsch, H., Kohse-Höinghaus, K.: Low- and high-temperature study of n-heptane combustion chemistry. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute. 38, 405-413 (2021).
Ruwe, Lena, Cai, Liming, Wullenkord, Julia, Schmitt, Steffen, Felsmann, Daniel, Baroncelli, Martina, Chen, Bingjie, Moshammer, Kai, Hansen, Nils, Pitsch, Heinz, and Kohse-Höinghaus, Katharina. “Low- and high-temperature study of n-heptane combustion chemistry”. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 38.1 (2021): 405-413.

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