Coronavirus conspiracy beliefs and distrust of science predict risky public health behaviours through optimistically biased risk perceptions in Ukraine, Turkey, and Germany

Chayinska M, Ulug OM, Ayanian A, Gratzel JC, Brik T, Kende A, McGarty C (2021)
Group Processes & Intergroup Relations: 1368430220978278.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | E-Veröff. vor dem Druck | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Chayinska, Maria; Ulug, Ozden Melis; Ayanian, ArinUniBi; Gratzel, Johanna ClaudiaUniBi; Brik, Tymofii; Kende, Anna; McGarty, Craig
Abstract / Bemerkung
The present paper examines the extent to which conspiracy beliefs about the COVID-19 outbreak and distrust of epidemiological science are likely to predict optimistically biased risk perceptions at the individual and group levels. We explored the factor structure of coronavirus conspiracy beliefs and their associations with trust in science in predicting risk perceptions using survey data collected in Ukraine (N = 390), Turkey (N = 290), and Germany (N = 408). We further expected conspiracy beliefs and distrust of science to predict people's willingness to attend public gatherings versus maintaining preventive physical distancing through optimistically biased risk perceptions. Metric noninvariance for key constructs across the samples was observed so the samples were analysed separately. In Ukraine, a two-factor structure of conspiracy beliefs was found wherein COVID-19 bioweapon (but not COVID-19 profit) beliefs were negatively associated with public gathering through optimistically biased individual risk perceptions. In Turkey and Germany, conspiracy beliefs showed a single-factor solution that was negatively associated with preventive distancing and positively related to public gathering through optimistically biased public risk metaperceptions. The hypothesis about the direct and indirect effects of trust in science on risky health behaviour was partially confirmed in all three samples. The observed discrepancies in our findings are discussed.
Stichworte
conspiracy beliefs; coronavirus; pandemic; preventive physical; distancing; risk perceptions; risky health behaviour; trust in science
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
Group Processes & Intergroup Relations
Art.-Nr.
1368430220978278
ISSN
1368-4302
eISSN
1461-7188
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2956261

Zitieren

Chayinska M, Ulug OM, Ayanian A, et al. Coronavirus conspiracy beliefs and distrust of science predict risky public health behaviours through optimistically biased risk perceptions in Ukraine, Turkey, and Germany. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations. 2021: 1368430220978278.
Chayinska, M., Ulug, O. M., Ayanian, A., Gratzel, J. C., Brik, T., Kende, A., & McGarty, C. (2021). Coronavirus conspiracy beliefs and distrust of science predict risky public health behaviours through optimistically biased risk perceptions in Ukraine, Turkey, and Germany. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 1368430220978278. https://doi.org/10.1177/1368430220978278
Chayinska, M., Ulug, O. M., Ayanian, A., Gratzel, J. C., Brik, T., Kende, A., and McGarty, C. (2021). Coronavirus conspiracy beliefs and distrust of science predict risky public health behaviours through optimistically biased risk perceptions in Ukraine, Turkey, and Germany. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations:1368430220978278.
Chayinska, M., et al., 2021. Coronavirus conspiracy beliefs and distrust of science predict risky public health behaviours through optimistically biased risk perceptions in Ukraine, Turkey, and Germany. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, : 1368430220978278.
M. Chayinska, et al., “Coronavirus conspiracy beliefs and distrust of science predict risky public health behaviours through optimistically biased risk perceptions in Ukraine, Turkey, and Germany”, Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 2021, : 1368430220978278.
Chayinska, M., Ulug, O.M., Ayanian, A., Gratzel, J.C., Brik, T., Kende, A., McGarty, C.: Coronavirus conspiracy beliefs and distrust of science predict risky public health behaviours through optimistically biased risk perceptions in Ukraine, Turkey, and Germany. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations. : 1368430220978278 (2021).
Chayinska, Maria, Ulug, Ozden Melis, Ayanian, Arin, Gratzel, Johanna Claudia, Brik, Tymofii, Kende, Anna, and McGarty, Craig. “Coronavirus conspiracy beliefs and distrust of science predict risky public health behaviours through optimistically biased risk perceptions in Ukraine, Turkey, and Germany”. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations (2021): 1368430220978278.

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