A multi-country analysis of the prevalence and factors associated with bullying victimisation among in-school adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from the global school-based health survey

Aboagye RG, Seidu A-A, Hagan Jr. JE, Frimpong JB, Budu E, Adu C, Ayilu RK, Ahinkorah BO (2021)
BMC psychiatry 21(1): 325.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Aboagye, Richard Gyan; Seidu, Abdul-Aziz; Hagan Jr., John ElvisUniBi; Frimpong, James Boadu; Budu, Eugene; Adu, Collins; Ayilu, Raymond K; Ahinkorah, Bright Opoku
Abstract / Bemerkung
BACKGROUND: Over the past few years, there has been growing public and research interest in adolescents' experiences with various forms of bullying victimisation because of their psychological, emotional, and/ or physical consequences. The present study examined the prevalence of bullying victimisation and its associated factors among in-school adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa.; METHODS: Using data fromthe Global School-based Health Survey (GSHS) from 2010 to 2017 of eleven sub-Saharan Africancountries, a sample of 25,454 in-school adolescents was used for analysis. Statistical analyses included frequencies, percentages, Pearson chi-square and multivariable logistic regression. Results were presented as adjusted odds ratios(aOR) at 95% confidence intervals (CIs).; RESULTS: The overall prevalence of bullying victimisation among the respondents was 38.8%. The prevalence was lowest in Mauritius (22.2%) and highest in Sierra Leone (54.6%). Adolescents who felt lonely [aOR=1.66, 95% CI=1.53, 1.80], had history of anxiety [aOR=1.53, 95% CI=1.41, 1.66], suicidal ideation [aOR=1.28, 95% CI=1.17, 1.39], suicidal attempt [aOR=1.86, 95% CI=1.72, 2.02], current users of marijuana [aOR=1.59, 95% CI=1.38, 1.84], and truants at [aOR=1.43, 95% CI=1.34, 1.52] were more likely to be victims of bullying. Conversely, adolescents who had peer support were less likely to be victims of bullying [aOR=0.78, 95% CI=0.73, 0.82].Adolescents aged 15years or older had lower odds of experiencing bullying victimization compared to their counterparts aged 14years or younger [aOR=0.74, 95% CI=0.69, 0.78].; CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that age, loneliness, anxiety, suicidal ideation, suicidal attempt,and current use of marijuana are associated with increased risk of bullying victimisation. School-wide preventative interventions (e.g., positive behavioural strategies- Rational Emotive Behavioral Education, [REBE], peer educator network systems, face-face counseling sessions, substance use cessation therapy) are essential in promoting a positive school climate and reduce students' bullying victimisation behaviours.
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
BMC psychiatry
Band
21
Ausgabe
1
Art.-Nr.
325
eISSN
1471-244X
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2956152

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Aboagye RG, Seidu A-A, Hagan Jr. JE, et al. A multi-country analysis of the prevalence and factors associated with bullying victimisation among in-school adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from the global school-based health survey. BMC psychiatry. 2021;21(1): 325.
Aboagye, R. G., Seidu, A. - A., Hagan Jr., J. E., Frimpong, J. B., Budu, E., Adu, C., Ayilu, R. K., et al. (2021). A multi-country analysis of the prevalence and factors associated with bullying victimisation among in-school adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from the global school-based health survey. BMC psychiatry, 21(1), 325. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-021-03337-5
Aboagye, R. G., Seidu, A. - A., Hagan Jr., J. E., Frimpong, J. B., Budu, E., Adu, C., Ayilu, R. K., and Ahinkorah, B. O. (2021). A multi-country analysis of the prevalence and factors associated with bullying victimisation among in-school adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from the global school-based health survey. BMC psychiatry 21:325.
Aboagye, R.G., et al., 2021. A multi-country analysis of the prevalence and factors associated with bullying victimisation among in-school adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from the global school-based health survey. BMC psychiatry, 21(1): 325.
R.G. Aboagye, et al., “A multi-country analysis of the prevalence and factors associated with bullying victimisation among in-school adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from the global school-based health survey”, BMC psychiatry, vol. 21, 2021, : 325.
Aboagye, R.G., Seidu, A.-A., Hagan Jr., J.E., Frimpong, J.B., Budu, E., Adu, C., Ayilu, R.K., Ahinkorah, B.O.: A multi-country analysis of the prevalence and factors associated with bullying victimisation among in-school adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from the global school-based health survey. BMC psychiatry. 21, : 325 (2021).
Aboagye, Richard Gyan, Seidu, Abdul-Aziz, Hagan Jr., John Elvis, Frimpong, James Boadu, Budu, Eugene, Adu, Collins, Ayilu, Raymond K, and Ahinkorah, Bright Opoku. “A multi-country analysis of the prevalence and factors associated with bullying victimisation among in-school adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from the global school-based health survey”. BMC psychiatry 21.1 (2021): 325.

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