Childhood Maltreatment in Individuals With Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders: The Impact of Cut-Off Scores on Prevalence Rates

Weitkämper A, Kellner M, Iffland JR, Driessen M, Kley H, Neuner F, Iffland B (2021)
Frontiers in Psychiatry 12: 692492.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
Download
OA 288.43 KB
Abstract / Bemerkung
Childhood maltreatment is a common phenomenon in various psychiatric disorders. Accordingly, patients with disorders from the schizophrenia spectrum (SSD) appear to have high prevalence rates of childhood maltreatment. However, the interpretation and comparability of prevalence rates is impeded by methodological weaknesses and differences such as measures and thresholds used in previous studies. Therefore, we aimed to provide and compare systematically captured data on prevalence rates of all common types of childhood maltreatment in patients with SSD using a standardized and well-established questionnaire and the most frequently used thresholds. The sample consisted of 48 patients with a primary diagnosis of SSD. 58.3–77.1% of the sample experienced at least one type of childhood maltreatment. Prevalence rates for physical abuse, physical neglect, and emotional abuse were dependent on the thresholds used, while equal rates were found for emotional neglect and sexual abuse. Physical neglect (46–67%), and emotional abuse (44–48%) were most commonly reported, followed by emotional neglect (38%), physical abuse (25–38%), and sexual abuse (25%). Additionally, high levels of peer victimization were reported by SSD patients. It appears that childhood maltreatment is a common phenomenon in SSD, even though methodological details, especially cut-off scores, have a substantial impact on the prevalence rates that are determined. Therefore, the methodology of studies should be closely examined when drawing conclusions from presented prevalence rates.
Stichworte
schizophrenia spectrum disorders; child neglect; child abuse; childhood maltreatment; peer victimization; prevalence of childhood maltreatment
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
Frontiers in Psychiatry
Band
12
Seite(n)
692492
eISSN
1664-0640
Finanzierungs-Informationen
Open-Access-Publikationskosten wurden durch die Universität Bielefeld gefördert.
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2956092

Zitieren

Weitkämper A, Kellner M, Iffland JR, et al. Childhood Maltreatment in Individuals With Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders: The Impact of Cut-Off Scores on Prevalence Rates. Frontiers in Psychiatry. 2021;12:692492.
Weitkämper, A., Kellner, M., Iffland, J. R., Driessen, M., Kley, H., Neuner, F., & Iffland, B. (2021). Childhood Maltreatment in Individuals With Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders: The Impact of Cut-Off Scores on Prevalence Rates. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 12, 692492. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2021.692492
Weitkämper, A., Kellner, M., Iffland, J. R., Driessen, M., Kley, H., Neuner, F., and Iffland, B. (2021). Childhood Maltreatment in Individuals With Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders: The Impact of Cut-Off Scores on Prevalence Rates. Frontiers in Psychiatry 12, 692492.
Weitkämper, A., et al., 2021. Childhood Maltreatment in Individuals With Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders: The Impact of Cut-Off Scores on Prevalence Rates. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 12, p 692492.
A. Weitkämper, et al., “Childhood Maltreatment in Individuals With Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders: The Impact of Cut-Off Scores on Prevalence Rates”, Frontiers in Psychiatry, vol. 12, 2021, pp. 692492.
Weitkämper, A., Kellner, M., Iffland, J.R., Driessen, M., Kley, H., Neuner, F., Iffland, B.: Childhood Maltreatment in Individuals With Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders: The Impact of Cut-Off Scores on Prevalence Rates. Frontiers in Psychiatry. 12, 692492 (2021).
Weitkämper, Angelina, Kellner, Michael, Iffland, Jona Ruben, Driessen, Martin, Kley, Hanna, Neuner, Frank, and Iffland, Benjamin. “Childhood Maltreatment in Individuals With Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders: The Impact of Cut-Off Scores on Prevalence Rates”. Frontiers in Psychiatry 12 (2021): 692492.
Alle Dateien verfügbar unter der/den folgenden Lizenz(en):
Creative Commons Namensnennung 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0):
Volltext(e)
Name
Access Level
OA Open Access
Zuletzt Hochgeladen
2021-07-08T06:54:57Z
MD5 Prüfsumme
5590d50a0cb5e69eb435fbed4b2cff99

Export

Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

Dieser Datensatz im Web of Science®

Quellen

PMID: 34295277
PubMed | Europe PMC

Suchen in

Google Scholar